Overexpression of prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) decreases lung tumor multiplicity in chemical- and cigarette-smoke-induced murine lung cancer models. Prostacyclin signals through a single G-protein-coupled receptor (IP), which signals through cyclic AMP. To determine the role of this receptor in lung cancer chemoprevention by prostacyclin, PGIS-overexpressing mice were crossed to mice that lack the IP receptor [IP(-/-)]. Carcinogen-induced lung tumor incidence was similar in IP(+/+), IP(+/-), and IP(-/-) mice, and overexpression of PGIS gave equal protection in all three groups, indicating that the protective effects of prostacyclin are not mediated through activation of IP. Because prostacyclin can activate members of the peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family of nuclear receptors, we examined the role of PPARγ in the protection of prostacyclin against lung tumorigenesis. Iloprost, a stable prostacyclin analogue, activated PPARγ in nontransformed bronchial epithelial cells and in a subset of human non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines. Iloprost-impregnated chow fed to wild-type mice resulted in elevated lung macrophages and decreased lung tumor formation. Transgenic animals with lung-specific PPARγ overexpression also developed fewer lung tumors. This reduction was not enhanced by administration of supplemental iloprost. These studies indicate that PPARγ is a critical target for prostacyclin-mediated lung cancer chemoprevention and may also have therapeutic activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research