We investigated the stimulative effect of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on an osteoblastic cell line, clone MC3T3-E1, in serum-free medium. PGE2 elevated collagen and non-collagen protein syntheses in a dose-related fashion up to 2 μg/ml, the maximal increases being 2- and 3-fold, respectively, over that in the control. Its stimulative effect was evident as early as 12 h. PGE2 slightly increased DNA content, but its effect was less than that on collagen and non-collagen protein syntheses. Moreover, PGE stimulated an increase in prolyl hydroxylase activity with a maximal effect at 1-2 μg/ml, the activity being 15-fold over that of the control. These results strongly indicate that PGE2 directly enhances total protein synthesis including that of collagen in osteoblasts in vitro, suggesting its direct effect on bone formation in vivo as well.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jan 16 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology