Protein Kinase B-α Inhibits Human Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase-4 Gene Induction by Dexamethasone Through Inactivation of FOXO Transcription Factors

Hye Sook Kwon, Boli Huang, Terry G. Unterman, Robert Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

123 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Starvation and diabetes increase pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4 (PDK4) expression, which conserves gluconeogenic substrates by inactivating the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. Mechanisms that regulate PDK4 gene expression, previously established to be increased by glucocorticoids and decreased by insulin, were studied. Treatment of HepG2 cells with dexamethasone increases the relative abundance of PDK4 mRNA, and insulin blocks this effect. Dexamethasone also increases human PDK4 (hPDK4) promoter activity in HepG2 cells, and insulin partially inhibits this effect. Expression of constitutively active PKBα abrogates dexamethasone stimulation of hPDK4 promoter activity, while coexpression of constitutively active FOXO1a or FOXO3a, which are mutated to alanine at the three phosphorylation sites for protein kinase B (PKB), disrupts the ability of PKBα to inhibit promoter activity. A glucocorticoid response element for glucocorticoid receptor (GR) binding and three insulin response sequences (IRSs) that bind FOXO1a and FOXO3a are identified in the hPDK4 promoter. Mutation of the IRSs reduces the ability of glucocorticoids to stimulate PDK4 transcription. Transfection studies with E1A, which binds to and inactivates p300/CBP, suggest that interactions between p300/CBP and GR as well as FOXO factors are important for glucocorticoid-stimulated hPDK4 expression. Insulin suppresses the hPDK4 induction by glucocorticoids through inactivation of the FOXO factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-910
Number of pages12
JournalDiabetes
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2004

Fingerprint

Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
Dexamethasone
Transcription Factors
Glucocorticoids
Insulin
Genes
Glucocorticoid Receptors
Hep G2 Cells
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex
Response Elements
Starvation
Alanine
Transfection
pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4
Phosphorylation
Gene Expression
Messenger RNA
Mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Protein Kinase B-α Inhibits Human Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase-4 Gene Induction by Dexamethasone Through Inactivation of FOXO Transcription Factors. / Kwon, Hye Sook; Huang, Boli; Unterman, Terry G.; Harris, Robert.

In: Diabetes, Vol. 53, No. 4, 04.2004, p. 899-910.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{96b705401edd4425b20014512965f71e,
title = "Protein Kinase B-α Inhibits Human Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase-4 Gene Induction by Dexamethasone Through Inactivation of FOXO Transcription Factors",
abstract = "Starvation and diabetes increase pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4 (PDK4) expression, which conserves gluconeogenic substrates by inactivating the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. Mechanisms that regulate PDK4 gene expression, previously established to be increased by glucocorticoids and decreased by insulin, were studied. Treatment of HepG2 cells with dexamethasone increases the relative abundance of PDK4 mRNA, and insulin blocks this effect. Dexamethasone also increases human PDK4 (hPDK4) promoter activity in HepG2 cells, and insulin partially inhibits this effect. Expression of constitutively active PKBα abrogates dexamethasone stimulation of hPDK4 promoter activity, while coexpression of constitutively active FOXO1a or FOXO3a, which are mutated to alanine at the three phosphorylation sites for protein kinase B (PKB), disrupts the ability of PKBα to inhibit promoter activity. A glucocorticoid response element for glucocorticoid receptor (GR) binding and three insulin response sequences (IRSs) that bind FOXO1a and FOXO3a are identified in the hPDK4 promoter. Mutation of the IRSs reduces the ability of glucocorticoids to stimulate PDK4 transcription. Transfection studies with E1A, which binds to and inactivates p300/CBP, suggest that interactions between p300/CBP and GR as well as FOXO factors are important for glucocorticoid-stimulated hPDK4 expression. Insulin suppresses the hPDK4 induction by glucocorticoids through inactivation of the FOXO factors.",
author = "Kwon, {Hye Sook} and Boli Huang and Unterman, {Terry G.} and Robert Harris",
year = "2004",
month = "4",
doi = "10.2337/diabetes.53.4.899",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "899--910",
journal = "Diabetes",
issn = "0012-1797",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Protein Kinase B-α Inhibits Human Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase-4 Gene Induction by Dexamethasone Through Inactivation of FOXO Transcription Factors

AU - Kwon, Hye Sook

AU - Huang, Boli

AU - Unterman, Terry G.

AU - Harris, Robert

PY - 2004/4

Y1 - 2004/4

N2 - Starvation and diabetes increase pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4 (PDK4) expression, which conserves gluconeogenic substrates by inactivating the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. Mechanisms that regulate PDK4 gene expression, previously established to be increased by glucocorticoids and decreased by insulin, were studied. Treatment of HepG2 cells with dexamethasone increases the relative abundance of PDK4 mRNA, and insulin blocks this effect. Dexamethasone also increases human PDK4 (hPDK4) promoter activity in HepG2 cells, and insulin partially inhibits this effect. Expression of constitutively active PKBα abrogates dexamethasone stimulation of hPDK4 promoter activity, while coexpression of constitutively active FOXO1a or FOXO3a, which are mutated to alanine at the three phosphorylation sites for protein kinase B (PKB), disrupts the ability of PKBα to inhibit promoter activity. A glucocorticoid response element for glucocorticoid receptor (GR) binding and three insulin response sequences (IRSs) that bind FOXO1a and FOXO3a are identified in the hPDK4 promoter. Mutation of the IRSs reduces the ability of glucocorticoids to stimulate PDK4 transcription. Transfection studies with E1A, which binds to and inactivates p300/CBP, suggest that interactions between p300/CBP and GR as well as FOXO factors are important for glucocorticoid-stimulated hPDK4 expression. Insulin suppresses the hPDK4 induction by glucocorticoids through inactivation of the FOXO factors.

AB - Starvation and diabetes increase pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4 (PDK4) expression, which conserves gluconeogenic substrates by inactivating the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. Mechanisms that regulate PDK4 gene expression, previously established to be increased by glucocorticoids and decreased by insulin, were studied. Treatment of HepG2 cells with dexamethasone increases the relative abundance of PDK4 mRNA, and insulin blocks this effect. Dexamethasone also increases human PDK4 (hPDK4) promoter activity in HepG2 cells, and insulin partially inhibits this effect. Expression of constitutively active PKBα abrogates dexamethasone stimulation of hPDK4 promoter activity, while coexpression of constitutively active FOXO1a or FOXO3a, which are mutated to alanine at the three phosphorylation sites for protein kinase B (PKB), disrupts the ability of PKBα to inhibit promoter activity. A glucocorticoid response element for glucocorticoid receptor (GR) binding and three insulin response sequences (IRSs) that bind FOXO1a and FOXO3a are identified in the hPDK4 promoter. Mutation of the IRSs reduces the ability of glucocorticoids to stimulate PDK4 transcription. Transfection studies with E1A, which binds to and inactivates p300/CBP, suggest that interactions between p300/CBP and GR as well as FOXO factors are important for glucocorticoid-stimulated hPDK4 expression. Insulin suppresses the hPDK4 induction by glucocorticoids through inactivation of the FOXO factors.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1842475551&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1842475551&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2337/diabetes.53.4.899

DO - 10.2337/diabetes.53.4.899

M3 - Article

C2 - 15047604

AN - SCOPUS:1842475551

VL - 53

SP - 899

EP - 910

JO - Diabetes

JF - Diabetes

SN - 0012-1797

IS - 4

ER -