Proteolytic cleavage of phospholamban purified from canine cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles. Generation of a low resolution model of phospholamban structure

A. D. Wegener, H. K.B. Simmerman, J. Liepnieks, L. R. Jones

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52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purified phospholamban isolated from canine cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles was subjected to proteolysis and peptide mapping to localize the different sites of phosphorylation on the protein and to gain further information on its subunit structure. Five different proteases (trypsin, papain, chymotrypsin, elastase, and Pronase) degraded the oligomeric 27-kDa phosphoprotein into a major 21-22-kDa protease-resistant fragment. No 32P was retained by this protease-resistant fragment, regardless of whether phospholamban had been phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent kinase, or protein kinase C. Phosphoamino acid analysis and thin-layer electrophoresis of liberated phosphopeptides revealed that 1 threonine and 2 serine residues were phosphorylated in phospholamban and that 1 of these serine residues and the threonine residue were in close proximity. Only serine was phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase, whereas Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase phosphorylated exclusively threonine. The results demonstrate that phospholamban has a large protease-resistant domain and a smaller protease-sensitive domain, the latter of which contain all of the sites of phosphorylation. The 21-22-kDa protease-sensitive domain, although devoid of incorporated 32P, was completely dissociated into identical lower molecular weight subunits by boiling in sodium dodecyl sulfate, suggesting that this region of the molecule promotes the relatively strong interactions that hold the subunits together. The data presented lend further support for a model of phospholambam structure in which several identical low molecular weight subunits are noncovalently bound to one another, each containing one site of phosphorylation for cAMP-dependent protein kinase and another site of phosphorylation for Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5154-5159
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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