Pseudomonoamniotic gestations are increasingly recognized through sonographic surveillance of monochorionic twins, though etiologic factors remain undefined. We present a case of spontaneous pseudomonoamniotic twins and propose umbilical cord insertion proximity as a sonographic marker. Systematic review of the literature was performed and additional cases with similar findings were noted. Approximately 75% of reported cases (28/37) were deemed spontaneous and several included short inter-cord distances. Shunting of blood away from the membranes in the region between the cord insertions may be responsible for membrane rupture. Further investigation is needed into short inter-cord distance as a marker for monochorionic twins at risk to become a pseudomonoamniotic gestation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health