Psychiatric Problems and Trauma Exposure in Nondetained Delinquent and Nondelinquent Adolescents

Zachary Adams, Michael R. McCart, Kristyn Zajac, Carla Kmett Danielson, Genelle K. Sawyer, Benjamin E. Saunders, Dean G. Kilpatrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the prevalence of and associations between specific psychiatric disorders, substance use problems, and trauma exposure in a sample of delinquent and nondelinquent adolescents. A nationally representative sample of adolescents (n = 3,614; M age = 14.5 years, SD = 1.7; 51% male; 71% White, non-Hispanic, 13.3% African American, non-Hispanic, 10.7% Hispanic) was interviewed via telephone about engagement in delinquent acts and their experience of posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode, substance use, interpersonal violence, and other forms of trauma exposure. Delinquent adolescents were more likely than nondelinquent adolescents to experience trauma; they were also more likely to report past-year posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode, alcohol abuse, and nonexperimental drug use. After accounting for the effects of demographics and trauma exposure, delinquency was associated with increased likelihood of posttraumatic stress disorder and problematic substance use in both genders and increased likelihood of major depressive episode in girls. Findings highlight substantial overlap among delinquency, trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder, and major depressive episode in adolescents and the need for interventions that address these varied clinical problems. Future work should examine the factors underlying the development of these relations over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-331
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Psychiatry
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Wounds and Injuries
Hispanic Americans
Telephone
Violence
African Americans
Alcoholism
Substance-Related Disorders
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Psychiatric Problems and Trauma Exposure in Nondetained Delinquent and Nondelinquent Adolescents. / Adams, Zachary; McCart, Michael R.; Zajac, Kristyn; Danielson, Carla Kmett; Sawyer, Genelle K.; Saunders, Benjamin E.; Kilpatrick, Dean G.

In: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Vol. 42, No. 3, 05.2013, p. 323-331.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adams, Zachary ; McCart, Michael R. ; Zajac, Kristyn ; Danielson, Carla Kmett ; Sawyer, Genelle K. ; Saunders, Benjamin E. ; Kilpatrick, Dean G. / Psychiatric Problems and Trauma Exposure in Nondetained Delinquent and Nondelinquent Adolescents. In: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. 2013 ; Vol. 42, No. 3. pp. 323-331.
@article{b822fd81d0f84400aed5a90b7e43613e,
title = "Psychiatric Problems and Trauma Exposure in Nondetained Delinquent and Nondelinquent Adolescents",
abstract = "This study examined the prevalence of and associations between specific psychiatric disorders, substance use problems, and trauma exposure in a sample of delinquent and nondelinquent adolescents. A nationally representative sample of adolescents (n = 3,614; M age = 14.5 years, SD = 1.7; 51{\%} male; 71{\%} White, non-Hispanic, 13.3{\%} African American, non-Hispanic, 10.7{\%} Hispanic) was interviewed via telephone about engagement in delinquent acts and their experience of posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode, substance use, interpersonal violence, and other forms of trauma exposure. Delinquent adolescents were more likely than nondelinquent adolescents to experience trauma; they were also more likely to report past-year posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode, alcohol abuse, and nonexperimental drug use. After accounting for the effects of demographics and trauma exposure, delinquency was associated with increased likelihood of posttraumatic stress disorder and problematic substance use in both genders and increased likelihood of major depressive episode in girls. Findings highlight substantial overlap among delinquency, trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder, and major depressive episode in adolescents and the need for interventions that address these varied clinical problems. Future work should examine the factors underlying the development of these relations over time.",
author = "Zachary Adams and McCart, {Michael R.} and Kristyn Zajac and Danielson, {Carla Kmett} and Sawyer, {Genelle K.} and Saunders, {Benjamin E.} and Kilpatrick, {Dean G.}",
year = "2013",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1080/15374416.2012.749786",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "323--331",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology",
issn = "1537-4416",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychiatric Problems and Trauma Exposure in Nondetained Delinquent and Nondelinquent Adolescents

AU - Adams, Zachary

AU - McCart, Michael R.

AU - Zajac, Kristyn

AU - Danielson, Carla Kmett

AU - Sawyer, Genelle K.

AU - Saunders, Benjamin E.

AU - Kilpatrick, Dean G.

PY - 2013/5

Y1 - 2013/5

N2 - This study examined the prevalence of and associations between specific psychiatric disorders, substance use problems, and trauma exposure in a sample of delinquent and nondelinquent adolescents. A nationally representative sample of adolescents (n = 3,614; M age = 14.5 years, SD = 1.7; 51% male; 71% White, non-Hispanic, 13.3% African American, non-Hispanic, 10.7% Hispanic) was interviewed via telephone about engagement in delinquent acts and their experience of posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode, substance use, interpersonal violence, and other forms of trauma exposure. Delinquent adolescents were more likely than nondelinquent adolescents to experience trauma; they were also more likely to report past-year posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode, alcohol abuse, and nonexperimental drug use. After accounting for the effects of demographics and trauma exposure, delinquency was associated with increased likelihood of posttraumatic stress disorder and problematic substance use in both genders and increased likelihood of major depressive episode in girls. Findings highlight substantial overlap among delinquency, trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder, and major depressive episode in adolescents and the need for interventions that address these varied clinical problems. Future work should examine the factors underlying the development of these relations over time.

AB - This study examined the prevalence of and associations between specific psychiatric disorders, substance use problems, and trauma exposure in a sample of delinquent and nondelinquent adolescents. A nationally representative sample of adolescents (n = 3,614; M age = 14.5 years, SD = 1.7; 51% male; 71% White, non-Hispanic, 13.3% African American, non-Hispanic, 10.7% Hispanic) was interviewed via telephone about engagement in delinquent acts and their experience of posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode, substance use, interpersonal violence, and other forms of trauma exposure. Delinquent adolescents were more likely than nondelinquent adolescents to experience trauma; they were also more likely to report past-year posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode, alcohol abuse, and nonexperimental drug use. After accounting for the effects of demographics and trauma exposure, delinquency was associated with increased likelihood of posttraumatic stress disorder and problematic substance use in both genders and increased likelihood of major depressive episode in girls. Findings highlight substantial overlap among delinquency, trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder, and major depressive episode in adolescents and the need for interventions that address these varied clinical problems. Future work should examine the factors underlying the development of these relations over time.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876283883&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876283883&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15374416.2012.749786

DO - 10.1080/15374416.2012.749786

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 323

EP - 331

JO - Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

JF - Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

SN - 1537-4416

IS - 3

ER -