Psychological adjustment of children in the pretransplant phase of Bone Marrow Transplantation: Relationships with parent distress, parent stress, and child coping

William G. Kronenberger, Bryan D. Carter, Jeanette Stewart, Catherine Morrow, Kimmery Martin, Darla Gowan, Leonard Sender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Families of 22 children preparing to undergo bone marrow transplantation (BMT) provided information concerning parent-reported major negative life stress, child coping strategies, parental psychological symptomatology, and child adjustment. Immediately prior to BMT, children and families are confronted with multiple stresses which challenge the child's coping and strain the parents' ability to assist the child with coping. Hence, stress, parental adjustment (distress), and child coping may be important factors affecting the child's overall psychological adjustment. Results showed that 15-25% of children and parents experienced clinically significant levels of psychological distress. Parent and child psychological distress were closely related. Major negative life stresses experienced by the parent and use of avoidant coping by the child significantly predicted child adjustment problems in the pretransplant period. Coping skills interventions targeting avoidant coping and management of parental stress/distress may reduce child psychosocial risk prior to BMT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-335
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • Behavior
  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Coping
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

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