Psychological status, life and social conditions

A study in a population of institutionalized elderly people

C. Bartoloni, L. Guidi, A. L. di Giovanni, L. Antico, F. Cursi, Roberto Pili, A. Tricerri, L. Janiri, P. Mannelli, C. Pariante, E. Menini, P. Carbonin, G. Gambassi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship between social and life conditions on the one hand and the presence of depression on the other was analysed in a population of institutionalized elderly subjects. The influence of health status on psychological condition and the presence of endocrinological changes in hormones associated with chronic stress were investigated in depressed elderly people. One hundred and thirty‐seven elderly people (mean age 82.4 ± 7.7) were studied and 60 of them underwent a thorough psychiatric examination. The overall prevalence of depression‐not previously diagnosed in all but one patient—was 76.6%; 23.3% were severely depressed. Neither gender nor the presence of organic disease differentiated the depressed from the non‐depressed. The only two life and social variables associated with depression among the many items analysed were the length of institutionalization and the period of retirement. It was observed that a higher cortisol level in the severely depressed group showed a positive correlation between plasma (and urine) cortisol level and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) score. A relationship between immunological impairment and depression in old age has been reported elsewhere; it is suggested that these findings could be partly mediated by the observed endocrinological changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-426
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Social Conditions
Psychology
Hydrocortisone
Population
Institutionalization
Retirement
Health Status
Psychiatry
Urine
Hormones

Keywords

  • Depression
  • residential care
  • social status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Psychological status, life and social conditions : A study in a population of institutionalized elderly people. / Bartoloni, C.; Guidi, L.; di Giovanni, A. L.; Antico, L.; Cursi, F.; Pili, Roberto; Tricerri, A.; Janiri, L.; Mannelli, P.; Pariante, C.; Menini, E.; Carbonin, P.; Gambassi, G.

In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 8, No. 5, 1993, p. 419-426.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bartoloni, C, Guidi, L, di Giovanni, AL, Antico, L, Cursi, F, Pili, R, Tricerri, A, Janiri, L, Mannelli, P, Pariante, C, Menini, E, Carbonin, P & Gambassi, G 1993, 'Psychological status, life and social conditions: A study in a population of institutionalized elderly people', International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 419-426. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.930080509
Bartoloni, C. ; Guidi, L. ; di Giovanni, A. L. ; Antico, L. ; Cursi, F. ; Pili, Roberto ; Tricerri, A. ; Janiri, L. ; Mannelli, P. ; Pariante, C. ; Menini, E. ; Carbonin, P. ; Gambassi, G. / Psychological status, life and social conditions : A study in a population of institutionalized elderly people. In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 1993 ; Vol. 8, No. 5. pp. 419-426.
@article{43ec932b38404a9cb3e618dee0750523,
title = "Psychological status, life and social conditions: A study in a population of institutionalized elderly people",
abstract = "The relationship between social and life conditions on the one hand and the presence of depression on the other was analysed in a population of institutionalized elderly subjects. The influence of health status on psychological condition and the presence of endocrinological changes in hormones associated with chronic stress were investigated in depressed elderly people. One hundred and thirty‐seven elderly people (mean age 82.4 ± 7.7) were studied and 60 of them underwent a thorough psychiatric examination. The overall prevalence of depression‐not previously diagnosed in all but one patient—was 76.6{\%}; 23.3{\%} were severely depressed. Neither gender nor the presence of organic disease differentiated the depressed from the non‐depressed. The only two life and social variables associated with depression among the many items analysed were the length of institutionalization and the period of retirement. It was observed that a higher cortisol level in the severely depressed group showed a positive correlation between plasma (and urine) cortisol level and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) score. A relationship between immunological impairment and depression in old age has been reported elsewhere; it is suggested that these findings could be partly mediated by the observed endocrinological changes.",
keywords = "Depression, residential care, social status",
author = "C. Bartoloni and L. Guidi and {di Giovanni}, {A. L.} and L. Antico and F. Cursi and Roberto Pili and A. Tricerri and L. Janiri and P. Mannelli and C. Pariante and E. Menini and P. Carbonin and G. Gambassi",
year = "1993",
doi = "10.1002/gps.930080509",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "419--426",
journal = "International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry",
issn = "0885-6230",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychological status, life and social conditions

T2 - A study in a population of institutionalized elderly people

AU - Bartoloni, C.

AU - Guidi, L.

AU - di Giovanni, A. L.

AU - Antico, L.

AU - Cursi, F.

AU - Pili, Roberto

AU - Tricerri, A.

AU - Janiri, L.

AU - Mannelli, P.

AU - Pariante, C.

AU - Menini, E.

AU - Carbonin, P.

AU - Gambassi, G.

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - The relationship between social and life conditions on the one hand and the presence of depression on the other was analysed in a population of institutionalized elderly subjects. The influence of health status on psychological condition and the presence of endocrinological changes in hormones associated with chronic stress were investigated in depressed elderly people. One hundred and thirty‐seven elderly people (mean age 82.4 ± 7.7) were studied and 60 of them underwent a thorough psychiatric examination. The overall prevalence of depression‐not previously diagnosed in all but one patient—was 76.6%; 23.3% were severely depressed. Neither gender nor the presence of organic disease differentiated the depressed from the non‐depressed. The only two life and social variables associated with depression among the many items analysed were the length of institutionalization and the period of retirement. It was observed that a higher cortisol level in the severely depressed group showed a positive correlation between plasma (and urine) cortisol level and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) score. A relationship between immunological impairment and depression in old age has been reported elsewhere; it is suggested that these findings could be partly mediated by the observed endocrinological changes.

AB - The relationship between social and life conditions on the one hand and the presence of depression on the other was analysed in a population of institutionalized elderly subjects. The influence of health status on psychological condition and the presence of endocrinological changes in hormones associated with chronic stress were investigated in depressed elderly people. One hundred and thirty‐seven elderly people (mean age 82.4 ± 7.7) were studied and 60 of them underwent a thorough psychiatric examination. The overall prevalence of depression‐not previously diagnosed in all but one patient—was 76.6%; 23.3% were severely depressed. Neither gender nor the presence of organic disease differentiated the depressed from the non‐depressed. The only two life and social variables associated with depression among the many items analysed were the length of institutionalization and the period of retirement. It was observed that a higher cortisol level in the severely depressed group showed a positive correlation between plasma (and urine) cortisol level and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) score. A relationship between immunological impairment and depression in old age has been reported elsewhere; it is suggested that these findings could be partly mediated by the observed endocrinological changes.

KW - Depression

KW - residential care

KW - social status

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027284736&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027284736&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/gps.930080509

DO - 10.1002/gps.930080509

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 419

EP - 426

JO - International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

JF - International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

SN - 0885-6230

IS - 5

ER -