Psychometric evaluation of the appraisal of health scale in stroke survivors

Elizabeth A. Johnson, Tamilyn Bakas, Linda Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Little is known about the cognitive appraisal process influencing poststroke depressive symptoms. Based on a framework derived from Lazarus and Folkman (1984), psychometric properties of the Appraisal of Health Scale (AHS) were tested. Methods: Secondary analysis of data from 394 stroke survivors tested internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the AHS, consisting of 3 subscales (threat, benign, benefit). Results: Cronbach's alphas were satisfactory (threat .92, benign .85, benefit .73). After principal axis factoring, two factors emerged (threat, benefit). Sequential multiple regression accounted for 43% of the variance in depressive symptoms (p, .001), partly explained by the threat and benefit subscales after controlling for depression history, disability, age, social support, self-esteem, and optimism. Conclusion: Threat and benefit AHS subscales demonstrated satisfactory evidence of internal consistency reliability and construct validity in stroke survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-159
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Nursing Measurement
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Psychometrics
Survivors
Stroke
Depression
Reproducibility of Results
Health
Insurance Benefits
Self Concept
Social Support

Keywords

  • Appraisal
  • Depression
  • Health
  • Psychometrics
  • Stress
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Psychometric evaluation of the appraisal of health scale in stroke survivors. / Johnson, Elizabeth A.; Bakas, Tamilyn; Williams, Linda.

In: Journal of Nursing Measurement, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2011, p. 146-159.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Johnson, Elizabeth A. ; Bakas, Tamilyn ; Williams, Linda. / Psychometric evaluation of the appraisal of health scale in stroke survivors. In: Journal of Nursing Measurement. 2011 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 146-159.
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