Pubic symphysis repair strength in simulated bladder exstrophy using a sheep model

Andrew G. Urquhart, Elizabeth P. Frankenburg, David A. Bloom, Randall Loder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. To investigate the mechanical strength of various pubic symphysis suture material in a simulated animal model of neonatal bladder exstrophy. Methods. Neonatal lamb pelves, which are the approximate size of neonatal human pelves, were used. Twenty-four neonatal lamb pelves were divided into four equal groups. A midline symphysotomy was made through the cartilaginous pubic symphysis in three groups and repaired using two figure- of-eight sutures (size 0) placed through the cartilaginous pubis using polypropylene, braided polyester, or polyglactin. The fourth group served as the control. The pelves were then tested to ultimate load in pure tension at a strain rate of 0.25 mm/s until failure. Results. There was a highly significant difference between the intact specimens and the repaired specimens (P = 0.0008). For the repaired specimens, there was a significant difference in the ultimate load normalized by pubic height between those repaired with polypropylene and polyglactin (P = 0.025), but not for those repaired with polypropylene and braided polyester (P = 0.11) or braided polyester and polyglactin (P = 0.11). Conclusions. Braided resorbable sutures are recommended for pubic symphysis repair, because they have a lower tendency to cut out of the cartilage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-340
Number of pages5
JournalUrology
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Pubic Symphysis
Bladder Exstrophy
Pelvis
Polyglactin 910
Polyesters
Polypropylenes
Sheep
Sutures
Pubic Bone
Cartilage
Animal Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Pubic symphysis repair strength in simulated bladder exstrophy using a sheep model. / Urquhart, Andrew G.; Frankenburg, Elizabeth P.; Bloom, David A.; Loder, Randall.

In: Urology, Vol. 52, No. 2, 08.1998, p. 336-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Urquhart, Andrew G. ; Frankenburg, Elizabeth P. ; Bloom, David A. ; Loder, Randall. / Pubic symphysis repair strength in simulated bladder exstrophy using a sheep model. In: Urology. 1998 ; Vol. 52, No. 2. pp. 336-340.
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abstract = "Objectives. To investigate the mechanical strength of various pubic symphysis suture material in a simulated animal model of neonatal bladder exstrophy. Methods. Neonatal lamb pelves, which are the approximate size of neonatal human pelves, were used. Twenty-four neonatal lamb pelves were divided into four equal groups. A midline symphysotomy was made through the cartilaginous pubic symphysis in three groups and repaired using two figure- of-eight sutures (size 0) placed through the cartilaginous pubis using polypropylene, braided polyester, or polyglactin. The fourth group served as the control. The pelves were then tested to ultimate load in pure tension at a strain rate of 0.25 mm/s until failure. Results. There was a highly significant difference between the intact specimens and the repaired specimens (P = 0.0008). For the repaired specimens, there was a significant difference in the ultimate load normalized by pubic height between those repaired with polypropylene and polyglactin (P = 0.025), but not for those repaired with polypropylene and braided polyester (P = 0.11) or braided polyester and polyglactin (P = 0.11). Conclusions. Braided resorbable sutures are recommended for pubic symphysis repair, because they have a lower tendency to cut out of the cartilage.",
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