Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics

Recent Research and Trends in the United States

Brian Dixon, H. Kharrazi, H. P. Lehmann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To survey advances in public health and epidemiology informatics over the past three years.

METHODS: We conducted a review of English-language research works conducted in the domain of public health informatics (PHI), and published in MEDLINE between January 2012 and December 2014, where information and communication technology (ICT) was a primary subject, or a main component of the study methodology. Selected articles were synthesized using a thematic analysis using the Essential Services of Public Health as a typology.

RESULTS: Based on themes that emerged, we organized the advances into a model where applications that support the Essential Services are, in turn, supported by a socio-technical infrastructure that relies on government policies and ethical principles. That infrastructure, in turn, depends upon education and training of the public health workforce, development that creates novel or adapts existing infrastructure, and research that evaluates the success of the infrastructure. Finally, the persistence and growth of infrastructure depends on financial sustainability.

CONCLUSIONS: Public health informatics is a field that is growing in breadth, depth, and complexity. Several Essential Services have benefited from informatics, notably, "Monitor Health," "Diagnose & Investigate," and "Evaluate." Yet many Essential Services still have not yet benefited from advances such as maturing electronic health record systems, interoperability amongst health information systems, analytics for population health management, use of social media among consumers, and educational certification in clinical informatics. There is much work to be done to further advance the science of PHI as well as its impact on public health practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-206
Number of pages8
JournalYearbook of medical informatics
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Public Health Informatics
Epidemiology
Research
Public Health Practice
Social Media
Health Information Systems
Health Manpower
Medical Informatics
Informatics
United States Public Health Service
Electronic Health Records
Certification
Health
MEDLINE
Language
Public Health
Communication
Technology
Education
Growth

Keywords

  • disease outbreaks
  • Epidemiology
  • health services needs and demand
  • Public Health Informatics
  • public health practice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics : Recent Research and Trends in the United States. / Dixon, Brian; Kharrazi, H.; Lehmann, H. P.

In: Yearbook of medical informatics, Vol. 10, No. 1, 13.08.2015, p. 199-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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