Exoglycosidases modify carbohydrate epitopes on glycoproteins and glycolipids. The α-D-galactosidase from Coffea canephora is an important exoglycosidase which degrades the human blood group B epitope. Although multiple isozymes have been described, they have never been demonstrably purified and thoroughly characterized. We have developed a technique to purify an isozyme to homogeneity. The isolated enzyme has a molecular weight of 36.7 kDa by SDS PAGE and 34.0 kDa by gel filtration. The isozyme is highly selective for α-D-galactosides and inactive against other low molecular weight substrates. It hydrolyzes the the terminal α-D-galactosyl residue from the blood group B epitope. Protease activity is below detectable limits. The isozyme has a broad pH optima at 6.3, a pl of 7.03, is unaffected by ionic strength, and is stable at 4° C.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Dec 31 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology