Purification and characterization of the Danish (skive) variant of mouse liver alcohol dehydrogenase

Douglas K. Rex, William F. Bosron, Francis Dwulet, Ting Kai Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The partially inbred Danish (Skive) strain of mice exhibits a form of liver alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) which differs in electrophoretic mobility from that of all other inbred mouse strains thus far examined, e.g., C57BL/10, DBA/2J, and BALB/c. In order to compare the catalytic and molecular properties of the "variant" and "normal" enzyme forms, they were purified to homogeneity by ion-exchange and affinity chromatography. Tryptic peptides of reduced and carboxymethylated subunits of the normal and variant ADH forms were mapped by thin-layer two-dimensional electrophoresis and chromatography and by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. A unique nonapeptide in the Danish mouse liver ADH which did not appear in enzymes from C57BL/10, DBA/2J, or BALB/c mice was identified by both methods. Amino acid sequencing of this peptide revealed that the Arg residue at position 124, as predicted from the cDNA sequence of ADH in DBA/2J mice, has been replaced by Leu in the Danish variant. The Leu for Arg substitution in the variant form appears to account for its decreased cathodic mobility with electrophoresis in starch gels at pH 7.2. The Kmand Vmaxof ADH from the Danish strain for three primary alcohols and three aldehydes were similar in value to those of ADH from the C57BL/10, DBA/2J, and BALB/c strains. Based on the X-ray structure of horse liver ADH, position 124 is on the solvent-exposed surface of the catalytic domain. The finding that the kinetic constants are similar for the normal and variant forms is consistent with the observation that this residue is not in the active site and that there is no known role for it in the ADH catalytic mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-121
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemical Genetics
Volume25
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1987

Keywords

  • alcohol dehydrogenase
  • amino acid sequence
  • kinetic properties
  • mouse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Biochemistry

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