A protein of apparent Mr = 15,000 on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is the major plasma membrane substrate for cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PK-A) and protein kinase C (PK-C) in several different tissues. In the work described here, we purified, cloned, and sequenced the canine cardiac sarcolemmal "15-kDa protein." The amino terminus of the purified protein was not blocked, allowing determination of 50 consecutive residues by standard Edman degradation. Overlapping proteolytic phospho-peptides yielded 22 additional residues at the carboxyl terminus. Dideoxy sequencing of the full-length cDNA confirmed that the 15-kDa protein contains 72 amino acids, plus a 20-residue signal sequence. The mature protein has a calculated Mr = 8409. There is one hydrophobic membrane-spanning segment composed of residues 18-37. The acidic amino-terminal end (residues 1-17) of the protein is oriented extracellularly, whereas the basic carboxyl-terminal end (residues 38-72) projects into the cytoplasm. The positively charged carboxyl terminus contains the phosphorylation sites for PK-A and PK-C. In the transmembrane region, the 15-kDa protein exhibits 52% amino acid identity with the "γ" subunit of Na,K-ATPase. High stringency Northern blot analysis revealed that 15-kDa mRNA is present in heart, skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and liver but absent from brain and kidney. We propose the name "phospholemman" for the 15-kDa protein, which denotes the protein's location within the plasma membrane and its characteristic multisite phosphorylation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology