The objectives of this study were to describe quality of life in a sample of black in-center hemodialysis patients, to identify relationships between quality of life (QOL) and selected demographic and illness variables, and to identify changes in quality of life over time. Data were collected at two points in time, 3 months apart. The data were obtained from 79 patients in two inner-city dialysis units and included persons new to dialysis. Structured interviews were conducted using the Quality of Life Index. On the average, these patients were satisfied with their QOL, although there was a large range of scores. Psychological/spiritual QOL (M = 4.27) was higher than health and functioning quality of life (M = 3.77) at both time periods. Younger age (M = 4.07) and more education (M = 4.00) were associated with poorer psychological/spiritual QOL at Time 1, whereas lower hematocrits (M = 3.55) and being new to dialysis (M = 3.41) were associated with poorer health and functioning QOL. The QOL of these black hemodialysis patients was fairly high and similar to the QOL previously reported for whites, suggesting that interventions to improve QOL in hemodialysis patients do not need to be tailored by race. In addition, findings suggest that nursing support may be the most needed during the early stages of dialysis.
- Quality of life
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