Quality of life in pediatric patients with unremitting constipation pre and post Malone Antegrade Continence Enema (MACE) procedure

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Abstract

Objective The primary aim of this study was to determine if there is a change in the quality of life in pediatric patients with unremitting functional constipation and/or encopresis after undergoing a MACE procedure. Methods Patients, ages 5 to 18 years with unremitting constipation and a normal evaluation, including anorectal manometry and colonic manometry, who opted to undergo a MACE procedure were contacted to participate in the study. Patients with congenital anorectal malformations as well as spinal cord disorders were excluded from the study. The patient's parent/guardian completed the PedsQL™ Generic Core Scales QOL survey prior to the operation, 6 months, and 12 months after the procedure. Results A total of 15 consecutive patients meeting protocol criteria were recruited within a period of 20 months. The mean age at the MACE procedure was 9.8 years (range 7.0-11.1). 5 patients were female. The mean QOL score pre-MACE was 64.1. At 6 months post-MACE the mean overall QOL score was 90.2, and it was 92.0 at 12 months. All 15 patients at the 6 month follow up had significant improvement in their QOL (p = 1.9 × 10- 7) and all subcategories of QOL were significantly improved as well. Conclusions A MACE procedure is of benefit to otherwise normal pediatric patients who have unremitting functional constipation with failure of medical treatment. Our patients had a significant improvement in all QOL categories and overall QOL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1733-1737
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume48
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

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Enema
Constipation
Quality of Life
Pediatrics
Manometry
Encopresis
Spinal Cord Diseases
Treatment Failure

Keywords

  • Functional constipation
  • Malone antegrade continence enema
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

@article{f3b7481b653d4e03822b4c5bfa6b0d6c,
title = "Quality of life in pediatric patients with unremitting constipation pre and post Malone Antegrade Continence Enema (MACE) procedure",
abstract = "Objective The primary aim of this study was to determine if there is a change in the quality of life in pediatric patients with unremitting functional constipation and/or encopresis after undergoing a MACE procedure. Methods Patients, ages 5 to 18 years with unremitting constipation and a normal evaluation, including anorectal manometry and colonic manometry, who opted to undergo a MACE procedure were contacted to participate in the study. Patients with congenital anorectal malformations as well as spinal cord disorders were excluded from the study. The patient's parent/guardian completed the PedsQL™ Generic Core Scales QOL survey prior to the operation, 6 months, and 12 months after the procedure. Results A total of 15 consecutive patients meeting protocol criteria were recruited within a period of 20 months. The mean age at the MACE procedure was 9.8 years (range 7.0-11.1). 5 patients were female. The mean QOL score pre-MACE was 64.1. At 6 months post-MACE the mean overall QOL score was 90.2, and it was 92.0 at 12 months. All 15 patients at the 6 month follow up had significant improvement in their QOL (p = 1.9 × 10- 7) and all subcategories of QOL were significantly improved as well. Conclusions A MACE procedure is of benefit to otherwise normal pediatric patients who have unremitting functional constipation with failure of medical treatment. Our patients had a significant improvement in all QOL categories and overall QOL.",
keywords = "Functional constipation, Malone antegrade continence enema, Quality of life",
author = "Har, {Aileen F.} and Frederick Rescorla and Joseph Croffie",
year = "2013",
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doi = "10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2013.01.045",
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AU - Har, Aileen F.

AU - Rescorla, Frederick

AU - Croffie, Joseph

PY - 2013/8

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N2 - Objective The primary aim of this study was to determine if there is a change in the quality of life in pediatric patients with unremitting functional constipation and/or encopresis after undergoing a MACE procedure. Methods Patients, ages 5 to 18 years with unremitting constipation and a normal evaluation, including anorectal manometry and colonic manometry, who opted to undergo a MACE procedure were contacted to participate in the study. Patients with congenital anorectal malformations as well as spinal cord disorders were excluded from the study. The patient's parent/guardian completed the PedsQL™ Generic Core Scales QOL survey prior to the operation, 6 months, and 12 months after the procedure. Results A total of 15 consecutive patients meeting protocol criteria were recruited within a period of 20 months. The mean age at the MACE procedure was 9.8 years (range 7.0-11.1). 5 patients were female. The mean QOL score pre-MACE was 64.1. At 6 months post-MACE the mean overall QOL score was 90.2, and it was 92.0 at 12 months. All 15 patients at the 6 month follow up had significant improvement in their QOL (p = 1.9 × 10- 7) and all subcategories of QOL were significantly improved as well. Conclusions A MACE procedure is of benefit to otherwise normal pediatric patients who have unremitting functional constipation with failure of medical treatment. Our patients had a significant improvement in all QOL categories and overall QOL.

AB - Objective The primary aim of this study was to determine if there is a change in the quality of life in pediatric patients with unremitting functional constipation and/or encopresis after undergoing a MACE procedure. Methods Patients, ages 5 to 18 years with unremitting constipation and a normal evaluation, including anorectal manometry and colonic manometry, who opted to undergo a MACE procedure were contacted to participate in the study. Patients with congenital anorectal malformations as well as spinal cord disorders were excluded from the study. The patient's parent/guardian completed the PedsQL™ Generic Core Scales QOL survey prior to the operation, 6 months, and 12 months after the procedure. Results A total of 15 consecutive patients meeting protocol criteria were recruited within a period of 20 months. The mean age at the MACE procedure was 9.8 years (range 7.0-11.1). 5 patients were female. The mean QOL score pre-MACE was 64.1. At 6 months post-MACE the mean overall QOL score was 90.2, and it was 92.0 at 12 months. All 15 patients at the 6 month follow up had significant improvement in their QOL (p = 1.9 × 10- 7) and all subcategories of QOL were significantly improved as well. Conclusions A MACE procedure is of benefit to otherwise normal pediatric patients who have unremitting functional constipation with failure of medical treatment. Our patients had a significant improvement in all QOL categories and overall QOL.

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