Quantifying Behavioral Sensation Seeking With the Aroma Choice Task

Brandon G. Oberlin, Nolan E. Ramer, Sage M. Bates, Yitong I. Shen, Jeremy S. Myslinski, David Kareken, Melissa A. Cyders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Our goal was to develop a behavioral measure of sensation seeking (SS). The Aroma Choice Task (ACT) assesses preference for an intense, novel, varied, and risky (exciting) option versus a mild, safe (boring) option using real-time odorant delivery. A total of 147 healthy young adults completed 40 binary choice trials. We examined (1) intensity and pleasantness of odorants, (2) stability of responding, (3) association with SS self-report, and (4) association with self-reported illicit drug use. Participants’ preference for the “exciting” option versus the safe option was significantly associated with self-reported SS (p <.001) and illicit drug use (p =.041). Odorant ratings comported with their intended intensity. The ACT showed good internal, convergent, and criterion validity. We propose that the ACT might permit more objective SS assessment for investigating the biological bases of psychiatric conditions marked by high SS, particularly addiction. The ACT measures SS behaviorally, mitigating some self-report challenges and enabling real-time assessment, for example, for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAssessment
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Endophenotypes
Risk-Taking
Alcoholism
Substance-Related Disorders
Street Drugs
Self Report
Biological Psychiatry
Young Adult
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Odorants

Keywords

  • addiction
  • alcoholism
  • drug abuse
  • endophenotype
  • novelty seeking
  • risk taking
  • substance use disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Oberlin, B. G., Ramer, N. E., Bates, S. M., Shen, Y. I., Myslinski, J. S., Kareken, D., & Cyders, M. A. (Accepted/In press). Quantifying Behavioral Sensation Seeking With the Aroma Choice Task. Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191119864659

Quantifying Behavioral Sensation Seeking With the Aroma Choice Task. / Oberlin, Brandon G.; Ramer, Nolan E.; Bates, Sage M.; Shen, Yitong I.; Myslinski, Jeremy S.; Kareken, David; Cyders, Melissa A.

In: Assessment, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oberlin, Brandon G. ; Ramer, Nolan E. ; Bates, Sage M. ; Shen, Yitong I. ; Myslinski, Jeremy S. ; Kareken, David ; Cyders, Melissa A. / Quantifying Behavioral Sensation Seeking With the Aroma Choice Task. In: Assessment. 2019.
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