Quantifying Glomerular Filtration Rates in Acute Kidney Injury: A Requirement for Translational Success

Bruce Molitoris, Erinn S. Reilly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a vexing clinical problem that results in unacceptably high patient mortality, development of chronic kidney disease, and accelerated progression to end-stage kidney disease. Although clinical risks factors for developing AKI have been identified, there is no reasonable surveillance technique to definitively and rapidly diagnose and determine the extent of severity of AKI in any patient. Because patient outcomes correlate with the extent of injury, and effective therapy likely requires early intervention, the ability to rapidly diagnose and stratify patients by their level of kidney injury is paramount for translational progress. Many groups are developing and characterizing optical measurement techniques using novel minimally invasive or noninvasive techniques that can quantify kidney function independent of serum or urinary measurements. The use of both one- and two-compartment models, as well as continuous monitoring, are being developed. This review documents the need for glomerular filtration rate measurement in AKI patients and discusses the approaches being taken to deliver this overdue technique that is necessary to help propel nephrology to individualization of care and therapeutic success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSeminars in Nephrology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

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Keywords

  • Clinical studies
  • Estimated GFR
  • Renal reserve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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