Motivation The identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) is critical to the study of causal relationships between genetic variations and disease abnormalities. We focus on identifying the QTLs associated to the brain endophenotypes in imaging genomics study for Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Existing research works mainly depict the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the brain endophenotypes via the linear methods, which may introduce high bias due to the simplicity of the models. Since the influence of QTLs on brain endophenotypes is quite complex, it is desired to design the appropriate non-linear models to investigate the associations of genotypes and endophenotypes. Results In this paper, we propose a new additive model to learn the non-linear associations between SNPs and brain endophenotypes in Alzheimer's disease. Our model can be flexibly employed to explain the non-linear influence of QTLs, thus is more adaptive for the complex distribution of the high-throughput biological data. Meanwhile, as an important computational learning theory contribution, we provide the generalization error analysis for the proposed approach. Unlike most previous theoretical analysis under independent and identically distributed samples assumption, our error bound is based on m-dependent observations, which is more appropriate for the high-throughput and noisy biological data. Experiments on the data from Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) cohort demonstrate the promising performance of our approach for identifying biological meaningful SNPs. Availability and implementation An executable is available at https://github.com/littleq1991/additive-FNNRW.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics