Racial differences in skeletal calcium retention in adolescent girls with varied controlled calcium intakes

Michelle Braun, Cristina Palacios, Karin Wigertz, Lisa A. Jackman, Rebecca J. Bryant, Linda D. McCabe, Berdine R. Martin, George P. McCabe, Munro Peacock, Connie M. Weaver

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81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Higher bone mass in blacks than in whites has been related to greater calcium utilization efficiency. Dietary calcium requirements for maximal skeletal calcium accretion during puberty may differ between the races. Objective: This study compared the relation between calcium intake and calcium retention in black and white adolescent girls. Design: A range of controlled calcium intakes (760-1981 mg Ca/d) were used in 3-wk controlled balance studies. Some subjects were studied more than once; a total of 182 observations from 55 black girls and 66 white girls were analyzed. Results: Blacks had 185 ± 32 mg/d greater mean skeletal calcium retention than did whites (P < 0.0001) at all calcium intakes as a result of significantly greater net calcium absorption (P < 0.001) and lower calcium excretion (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Dietary calcium requirements did not differ with race. Higher calcium retention at all calcium intakes during adolescence may underlie the higher bone mineral content of adult blacks than of adult whites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1657-1663
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume85
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Black persons
  • Dietary calcium
  • Skeletal calcium
  • White persons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Braun, M., Palacios, C., Wigertz, K., Jackman, L. A., Bryant, R. J., McCabe, L. D., Martin, B. R., McCabe, G. P., Peacock, M., & Weaver, C. M. (2007). Racial differences in skeletal calcium retention in adolescent girls with varied controlled calcium intakes. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 85(6), 1657-1663.