Radiation safety issues with positron-emission/computed tomography simulation for stereotactic body radiation therapy

William T. Kearns, James J. Urbanic, Carnell J. Hampton, Kevin P. McMullen, A. William Blackstock, Volker W. Stieber, William H. Hinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) simulations using a Stereotactic Body Frame (SBF: Elekta, Stockholm, Sweden) were expanded to include 18F-deoxyglucosone positron-emission tomography (FDG PET) for treatment planning. Because of the length of time that staff members are in close proximity to the patient, concerns arose over the radiation safety issues associated with these simulations. The present study examines the radiation exposures of the staff performing SBRT simulations, and provides some guidance on limiting staff exposure during these simulations. Fifteen patients were simulated with PET/CT using the SBF. Patients were immobilized in the SBF before the FDG was administered. The patients were removed from the frame, injected with FDG, and allowed to uptake for approximately 45 minutes. After uptake, the patients were repositioned in the SBF. During the repositioning, exposure rates were recorded at the patient's surface, at the SBF surface, and at 15 cm, 30 cm, and 1 m from the SBF. Administered dose and the approximate time spent on patient repositioning were also recorded. The estimated dose to staff was compared with the dose to staff performing conventional diagnostic PET studies. The average length of time spent in close proximity (

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-146
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Volume9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Emission-Computed Tomography
Radiotherapy
Positrons
Positron-Emission Tomography
Tomography
radiation therapy
positrons
safety
tomography
Radiation
Safety
Positron emission tomography
radiation
simulation
Planning
dosage
proximity
Moving and Lifting Patients
Sweden
radiation dosage

Keywords

  • Positron-emission tomography
  • Radiation safety
  • SBRT
  • Simulation
  • Stereotactic body radiation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Kearns, W. T., Urbanic, J. J., Hampton, C. J., McMullen, K. P., Blackstock, A. W., Stieber, V. W., & Hinson, W. H. (2008). Radiation safety issues with positron-emission/computed tomography simulation for stereotactic body radiation therapy. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 9(3), 141-146.

Radiation safety issues with positron-emission/computed tomography simulation for stereotactic body radiation therapy. / Kearns, William T.; Urbanic, James J.; Hampton, Carnell J.; McMullen, Kevin P.; Blackstock, A. William; Stieber, Volker W.; Hinson, William H.

In: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, Vol. 9, No. 3, 06.2008, p. 141-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kearns, WT, Urbanic, JJ, Hampton, CJ, McMullen, KP, Blackstock, AW, Stieber, VW & Hinson, WH 2008, 'Radiation safety issues with positron-emission/computed tomography simulation for stereotactic body radiation therapy', Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 141-146.
Kearns WT, Urbanic JJ, Hampton CJ, McMullen KP, Blackstock AW, Stieber VW et al. Radiation safety issues with positron-emission/computed tomography simulation for stereotactic body radiation therapy. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 2008 Jun;9(3):141-146.
Kearns, William T. ; Urbanic, James J. ; Hampton, Carnell J. ; McMullen, Kevin P. ; Blackstock, A. William ; Stieber, Volker W. ; Hinson, William H. / Radiation safety issues with positron-emission/computed tomography simulation for stereotactic body radiation therapy. In: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 2008 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 141-146.
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