Radiographic assessment of hyperinflation: Correlation with objective chest radiographic measurements and mechanical ventilator parameters

Margaret M. Johnson, E. Wesley Ely, Caroline Chiles, David L. Bowton, Rita I. Friemanas, Robert Choplin, Edward F. Haponik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Pulmonary barotrauma is a potentially fatal complication of positive pressure ventilation. We previously found that barotrauma occurred in patients with radiographic hyperinflation, but few objective data define the relationships among hyperinflation, objective chest radiograph (CXR) measurements, ventilator parameters, and development of barotrauma. Objectives: We sought (1) to assess the relationships among hyperinflation, objective CXR findings, mechanical ventilator parameters, and development of barotrauma. (2) To compare radiographic hyperinflation, ventilator parameters, and incidence of barotrauma in a current group of ICU patients with historical control subjects. Setting: Medical and surgical ICU patients in a university hospital. Design: Prospective blinded observational study; comparison of current series with historical control subjects. Methods: One hundred two prospectively enrolled mechanically ventilated medical and surgical ICU patients each received portable supine CXRs that were reviewed independently by three radiologists who made objective measurements and subjectively determined the likelihood of hyperinflation. Ventilator parameters were recorded at the bedside at the time each CXR was obtained. CXR measurements and ventilator parameters were then related to the development of barotrauma during the course of ventilation and compared with findings of a prospective study at our institution 1 year earlier. Results: Radiographically recognizable hyperinflation occurred in 18 of 102 mechanically ventilated ICU patients (18%) and correlated with lung length (24.7 vs 19.8 cm; p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1698-1704
Number of pages7
JournalChest
Volume113
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Barotrauma
Mechanical Ventilators
Thorax
Lung
Positive-Pressure Respiration
Observational Studies
Ventilation
Prospective Studies
Incidence

Keywords

  • Barotrauma
  • Hyperinflation
  • Lung injury
  • Mechanical ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Johnson, M. M., Ely, E. W., Chiles, C., Bowton, D. L., Friemanas, R. I., Choplin, R., & Haponik, E. F. (1998). Radiographic assessment of hyperinflation: Correlation with objective chest radiographic measurements and mechanical ventilator parameters. Chest, 113(6), 1698-1704.

Radiographic assessment of hyperinflation : Correlation with objective chest radiographic measurements and mechanical ventilator parameters. / Johnson, Margaret M.; Ely, E. Wesley; Chiles, Caroline; Bowton, David L.; Friemanas, Rita I.; Choplin, Robert; Haponik, Edward F.

In: Chest, Vol. 113, No. 6, 1998, p. 1698-1704.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Johnson, MM, Ely, EW, Chiles, C, Bowton, DL, Friemanas, RI, Choplin, R & Haponik, EF 1998, 'Radiographic assessment of hyperinflation: Correlation with objective chest radiographic measurements and mechanical ventilator parameters', Chest, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 1698-1704.
Johnson, Margaret M. ; Ely, E. Wesley ; Chiles, Caroline ; Bowton, David L. ; Friemanas, Rita I. ; Choplin, Robert ; Haponik, Edward F. / Radiographic assessment of hyperinflation : Correlation with objective chest radiographic measurements and mechanical ventilator parameters. In: Chest. 1998 ; Vol. 113, No. 6. pp. 1698-1704.
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