Aim To evaluate spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations using a combination of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) MRI sequences for diagnosis of drop metastases. Materials and methods Fifty-five paediatric patients with primary brain tumours were evaluated for drop metastases at initial presentation using spinal MRI including sagittal 2D T1-weighted (W) contrast-enhanced (+C), axial 3D T1W+C volumetric interpolated breath-hold (VIBE), and sagittal 3D T2W SPACE (Sampling Perfection with Application optimised Contrasts using different flip angle Evolutions). Results The MRI false-negative rate was 4%, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) false-negative rate was 16% (p=0.07). The 3D T1W+C VIBE increased the number of drop metastases detected in 42% of patients. Drop metastases were more conspicuous in 25% of patients on 3D T2W SPACE. Conclusion Spinal MRI examinations including 2D and 3D sequences demonstrate characteristics that may improve radiological diagnosis of drop metastases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging