Random prospective study of vindesine versus vindesine plus high-dose cisplatin versus vindesine plus cisplatin plus mitomycin C in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer

L. H. Einhorn, P. J. Loehrer, S. D. Williams, S. Meyers, T. Gabrys, S. R. Nattan, R. Woodburn, R. Drasga, J. Songer, W. Fisher

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Abstract

In this phase III randomized study, 124 evaluable patients with unresectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were randomized to vindesine v cisplatin (120 mg/m2) plus vindesine v cisplatin (60 mg/m2) plus vindesine plus mitomycin C. The objective response rate for cisplatin and vindesine was 27% v 20% for cisplatin, vindesine, and mitomycin C, and 14% for vindesine alone (P = .25 for cisplatin and vindesine v vindesine). The percentage of patients having stable disease (no progression for a minimum of 3 months) was 20% (cisplatin and vindesine), 27% (cisplatin, vindesine, and mitomycin C), and 26% (vindesine alone), respectively. The median survival time for vindesine was 18 weeks, compared with 26 weeks for cisplatin and vindesine and 17 weeks for cisplatin, vindesine, and mitomycin C. Overall survival was not statistically different for cisplatin plus vindesine v vindesine (P = .65). There was no evidence for improved duration of remission or survival of responders with the cisplatin (120 mg/m2) and vindesine arm. This study failed to demonstrate sufficient therapeutic benefit for cisplatin and vindesine (± mitomycin C) compared with single-agent vindesine to justify the increased cost and toxicity of these combination regimens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1037-1043
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume4
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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