Randomized study of lapatinib alone or in combination with trastuzumab in women with ErbB2-positive, trastuzumab-refractory metastatic breast cancer

Kimberly L. Blackwell, Harold J. Burstein, Anna Maria Storniolo, Hope Rugo, George Sledge, Maria Koehler, Catherine Ellis, Michelle Casey, Svetislava Vukelja, Joachim Bischoff, Jose Baselga, Joyce O'Shaughnessy

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663 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Preclinical studies in ErbB2-positive cell lines demonstrated a synergistic interaction between lapatinib and trastuzumab, suggesting that dual blockade is more effective than a single agent alone. EGF104900 compared the activity of lapatinib alone or in combination with trastuzumab in patients with ErbB2-positive, trastuzumab-refractory metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Patients and Methods: Patients with ErbB2-positive MBC who experienced progression on prior trastuzumab-containing regimens were randomly assigned to receive either lapatinib alone or in combination with trastuzumab. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary efficacy end points included overall response rate (ORR), clinical benefit rate (CBR; complete response, partial response, and stable disease for ≥ 24 weeks), and overall survival (OS). Results: In the intent-to-treat population (N = 296) who received a median of three prior trastuzumabcontaining regimens, the combination of lapatinib with trastuzumab was superior to lapatinib alone for PFS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.73; 95% CI, 0.57 to 0.93; P = .008) and CBR (24.7% in the combination arm v 12.4% in the monotherapy arm; P = .01). A trend for improved OS in the combination arm was observed (HR = 0.75; 95% CI, 0.53 to 1.07; P = .106). There was no difference in ORR (10.3% in the combination arm v 6.9% in the monotherapy arm; P = .46). The most frequent adverse events were diarrhea, rash, nausea, and fatigue; diarrhea was higher in the combination arm (P = .03). The incidence of symptomatic and asymptomatic cardiac events was low (combination therapy = 2% and 3.4%; monotherapy = 0.7% and 1.4%, respectively). Conclusion: Despite disease progression on prior trastuzumab-based therapy, lapatinib in combination with trastuzumab significantly improved PFS and CBR versus lapatinib alone, thus offering a chemotherapy-free option with an acceptable safety profile to patients with ErbB2-positive MBC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1124-1130
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Blackwell, K. L., Burstein, H. J., Storniolo, A. M., Rugo, H., Sledge, G., Koehler, M., Ellis, C., Casey, M., Vukelja, S., Bischoff, J., Baselga, J., & O'Shaughnessy, J. (2010). Randomized study of lapatinib alone or in combination with trastuzumab in women with ErbB2-positive, trastuzumab-refractory metastatic breast cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 28(7), 1124-1130. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2008.21.4437