Randomized trial comparing two methods of increasing dietary calcium intake in children with inflammatory bowel disease

Lori J. Stark, Kevin A. Hommel, Laura M. Mackner, David M. Janicke, Ann M. Davis, Marian Pfefferkorn, Wallace Crandall, James Heubi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the efficacy of behavioral intervention compared with enhanced standard of care nutrition intervention on increasing dietary calcium intake of children with inflammatory bowel disease. Method: Children aged 5 to 12 years old (N = 32) were randomly assigned to the behavioral intervention or enhanced standard of care conditions. Three-day food diaries collected on all participants at baseline and post-treatment were analyzed for dietary calcium intake. Results: Children in the behavioral intervention group achieved a significantly greater mean increase in dietary calcium intake (M= 984 mg) than children in the enhanced standard of care group (M = 274 mg) (P < 0.05). In the behavioral intervention group 81% of children achieved the daily calcium intake goal of 1500 mg/day compared with only 19% of children in the enhanced standard of care group, (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Behavioral modification appears to be significantly more effective than nutrition education alone in modifying calcium intake in children with inflammatory bowel disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-507
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005

Keywords

  • Behavioral intervention
  • Bone mineral density
  • Calcium
  • Crohn disease
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Histology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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