OBJECTIVE:: To estimate the clinical performance characteristics of a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay using vaginal/rectal swabs from antepartum (35-37 weeks of gestation) and intrapartum women. METHODS:: The assay evaluated is a qualitative, automated, real-time PCR test for the detection of group B streptococci, with results available in approximately 75 minutes. Enrollment in this multicenter clinical study occurred between October 2005 and January 2006. Vaginal/rectal swabs were analyzed by nursing personnel (intrapartum tests) or by laboratory technologists (all others). Polymerase chain reaction assay results were compared with culture using standard methods, including selective broth medium, and to a predicate nucleic acid amplification test. RESULTS:: Of 1,028 enrolled women, 234 were deemed ineligible, and 10 had unresolved test results. Of the 784 remaining women, valid PCR assay results were obtained on the first test attempt for 93.0%. Performance characteristics relative to culture were sensitivity 91.1%, specificity 96.0%, positive predictive value 87.8%, negative predictive value 97.1%, and accuracy 94.8%. These results exceeded those obtained using the predicate nucleic acid amplification test. CONCLUSION:: Performance characteristics of the PCR assay exceed the threshold recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention when compared with culture. The test is sufficiently robust to be performed for intrapartum patients in a point-of-care setting by medical professionals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology