Ras signaling pathways mediate NGF-induced enhancement of excitability of small-diameter capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons from wildtype but not Nf1+/- mice

J. H. Duan, Yue Wang, D. Duarte, Michael Vasko, Grant Nicol, C. M. Hingtgen

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Abstract

Nerve growth factor (NGF) activates multiple downstream effectors, including Ras, phosphoinositide-3 kinase, and sphingomyelins. However, pathway mediating the NGF-induced augmentation of sensory neuronal excitability remains largely unknown. We previously reported that small-diameter sensory neurons with a heterozygous mutation of the Nf1 gene (Nf1+/-) exhibited increased excitability. The protein product of the Nf1 gene is neurofibromin, a guanosine triphosphatase-activating protein (GAP) for p21ras (Ras) that accelerates the conversion of active Ras-GTP to inactive Ras-GDP. Thus, Nf1+/- cells have augmented basal and stimulated Ras activity. To investigate whether NGF-induced increases in excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons are dependent on Ras signaling, an antibody that blocks the activation of Ras, Y13-259, was perfused into the cell. Under these conditions, the enhanced excitability produced by NGF was suppressed in wildtype neurons but the excitability of Nf1+/- neurons was unaltered. In addition, expression of a dominant-negative form of Ras abolished the ability of NGF to increase the excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons. These results demonstrate that NGF enhances excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons in a Ras-dependent manner while the consequences of decreased expression of neurofibromin cannot be restored by blocking Ras signaling; suggesting that Ras-initiated signaling pathways can regulate both transcriptional and posttranslational control of ion channels important in neuronal excitability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-74
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume496
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

Fingerprint

Capsaicin
Nerve Growth Factor
Sensory Receptor Cells
Neurofibromatosis 1 Genes
Neurofibromin 1
Neurons
ras Proteins
1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase
Sphingomyelins
Guanosine
Guanosine Triphosphate
Ion Channels
Mutation
Antibodies
Proteins

Keywords

  • Dorsal root ganglia
  • Nerve growth factor
  • Neurofibromin
  • Sensitization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Ras signaling pathways mediate NGF-induced enhancement of excitability of small-diameter capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons from wildtype but not Nf1+/- mice",
abstract = "Nerve growth factor (NGF) activates multiple downstream effectors, including Ras, phosphoinositide-3 kinase, and sphingomyelins. However, pathway mediating the NGF-induced augmentation of sensory neuronal excitability remains largely unknown. We previously reported that small-diameter sensory neurons with a heterozygous mutation of the Nf1 gene (Nf1+/-) exhibited increased excitability. The protein product of the Nf1 gene is neurofibromin, a guanosine triphosphatase-activating protein (GAP) for p21ras (Ras) that accelerates the conversion of active Ras-GTP to inactive Ras-GDP. Thus, Nf1+/- cells have augmented basal and stimulated Ras activity. To investigate whether NGF-induced increases in excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons are dependent on Ras signaling, an antibody that blocks the activation of Ras, Y13-259, was perfused into the cell. Under these conditions, the enhanced excitability produced by NGF was suppressed in wildtype neurons but the excitability of Nf1+/- neurons was unaltered. In addition, expression of a dominant-negative form of Ras abolished the ability of NGF to increase the excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons. These results demonstrate that NGF enhances excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons in a Ras-dependent manner while the consequences of decreased expression of neurofibromin cannot be restored by blocking Ras signaling; suggesting that Ras-initiated signaling pathways can regulate both transcriptional and posttranslational control of ion channels important in neuronal excitability.",
keywords = "Dorsal root ganglia, Nerve growth factor, Neurofibromin, Sensitization",
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AU - Duan, J. H.

AU - Wang, Yue

AU - Duarte, D.

AU - Vasko, Michael

AU - Nicol, Grant

AU - Hingtgen, C. M.

PY - 2011/6/1

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N2 - Nerve growth factor (NGF) activates multiple downstream effectors, including Ras, phosphoinositide-3 kinase, and sphingomyelins. However, pathway mediating the NGF-induced augmentation of sensory neuronal excitability remains largely unknown. We previously reported that small-diameter sensory neurons with a heterozygous mutation of the Nf1 gene (Nf1+/-) exhibited increased excitability. The protein product of the Nf1 gene is neurofibromin, a guanosine triphosphatase-activating protein (GAP) for p21ras (Ras) that accelerates the conversion of active Ras-GTP to inactive Ras-GDP. Thus, Nf1+/- cells have augmented basal and stimulated Ras activity. To investigate whether NGF-induced increases in excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons are dependent on Ras signaling, an antibody that blocks the activation of Ras, Y13-259, was perfused into the cell. Under these conditions, the enhanced excitability produced by NGF was suppressed in wildtype neurons but the excitability of Nf1+/- neurons was unaltered. In addition, expression of a dominant-negative form of Ras abolished the ability of NGF to increase the excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons. These results demonstrate that NGF enhances excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons in a Ras-dependent manner while the consequences of decreased expression of neurofibromin cannot be restored by blocking Ras signaling; suggesting that Ras-initiated signaling pathways can regulate both transcriptional and posttranslational control of ion channels important in neuronal excitability.

AB - Nerve growth factor (NGF) activates multiple downstream effectors, including Ras, phosphoinositide-3 kinase, and sphingomyelins. However, pathway mediating the NGF-induced augmentation of sensory neuronal excitability remains largely unknown. We previously reported that small-diameter sensory neurons with a heterozygous mutation of the Nf1 gene (Nf1+/-) exhibited increased excitability. The protein product of the Nf1 gene is neurofibromin, a guanosine triphosphatase-activating protein (GAP) for p21ras (Ras) that accelerates the conversion of active Ras-GTP to inactive Ras-GDP. Thus, Nf1+/- cells have augmented basal and stimulated Ras activity. To investigate whether NGF-induced increases in excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons are dependent on Ras signaling, an antibody that blocks the activation of Ras, Y13-259, was perfused into the cell. Under these conditions, the enhanced excitability produced by NGF was suppressed in wildtype neurons but the excitability of Nf1+/- neurons was unaltered. In addition, expression of a dominant-negative form of Ras abolished the ability of NGF to increase the excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons. These results demonstrate that NGF enhances excitability of small-diameter sensory neurons in a Ras-dependent manner while the consequences of decreased expression of neurofibromin cannot be restored by blocking Ras signaling; suggesting that Ras-initiated signaling pathways can regulate both transcriptional and posttranslational control of ion channels important in neuronal excitability.

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