Reduced expression of IA channels is associated with post-ischemic seizures

Zhigang Lei, Hui Zhang, Yanling Liang, Zao C. Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Post-stroke seizures are considered as a major cause of epilepsy in adults. The pathophysiologic mechanisms resulting in post-stroke seizures are not fully understood. The present study attempted to reveal a new mechanism underlying neuronal hyperexcitability responsible to the seizure development after ischemic stroke. Methods: Transient global ischemia was produced in adult Wistar rats using the 4-vessel occlusion (4-VO) method. The spontaneous behavioral seizures were defined by the Racine scale III-V. The neuronal death in the brain was determined by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The expression levels of A-type potassium channels were analyzed by immunohistochemical staining and western blotting. Results: We found that the incidence of spontaneous behavioral seizures increased according to the severity of ischemia with 0% after 15-min ischemia and ~50% after 25-min ischemia. All behavioral seizures occurred with 48 h after ischemia. Morphological analysis indicated that brain damage was not correlated with behavioral seizures. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the expression levels of the A-type potassium channel subunit Kv4.2 was significantly reduced in ischemic brains with behavioral seizures, but not in ischemic brains without seizures. In addition, rats failing to develop spontaneous behavioral seizures within 2 days after ischemia were more sensitive to bicuculline-induced seizures at 2 months after ischemia than control rats. Meanwhile, Kv4.2 expression was decreased in brain at 2 months after ischemia. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated the reduction of Kv4.2 expression might contribute to the development of post-ischemic seizures and long-term increased seizure susceptibility after ischemia. The mechanisms underlying post-stroke seizures and epilepsy is unknown so far. The down-regulation of IA channels may explained the abnormal neuronal hyperexcitability responsible for the seizure development after ischemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-48
Number of pages9
JournalEpilepsy Research
Volume124
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

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Keywords

  • A-type potassium channels
  • Epilepsy
  • Epileptogenesis
  • Excitability
  • Kv4.2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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