In the present study, we examined the effects of ethanol treatment on the subsequent expression of opioid and nonopioid forms of swim stress- induced analgesia (SSIA). In Experiment 1, mice were injected with ethanol (2.5 g/kg, IP) or an equal volume of saline once a day for two days. Animals received no treatment on day 3. On day 4, the animals were tested for opioid (3-min swim in water maintained at 32°C) or nonopioid (3-min swim in water maintained at 20°C) SSIA in the hotplate test (52°C). Mice pretreated with ethanol injections showed a decrease in nonopioid SSIA, but not in opioid SSIA. In Experiment 2, mice were given an ethanol solution (10%) or tap water to drink for 15 days. On day 16, all animals were given tap water to drink. On day 17, the animals were tested for opioid or nonopioid SSIA. Neither form of SSIA was modified in mice that drank the ethanol solution. These results show that ethanol pretreatment can modify nonopioid endogenous analgesic responses in mice. Further, the route of administration influences the effects of ethanol pretreatment on SSIA.
- Cross- tolerance
- Hot plate test
- Swim stress-induced analgesia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)