During mitosis, the mitotic spindle is assembled to align chromosomes at the spindle equator in metaphase, and to separate the genetic material equally to daughter cells in anaphase. The spindle itself is a macromolecular machine composed of an array of dynamic microtubules and associated proteins that coordinate the diverse events of mitosis. Among the microtubule associated proteins are a plethora of molecular motor proteins that couple the energy of ATP hydrolysis to force production. These motors, including members of the kinesin superfamily, must function at the right time and in the right place to insure the fidelity of mitosis. Misregulation of mitotic motors in disease states, such as cancer, underlies their potential utility as targets for antitumor drug development and highlights the importance of understanding the molecular mechanisms for regulating their function. Here, we focus on recent progress about regulatory mechanisms that control the proper function of mitotic kinesins and highlight new findings that lay the path for future studies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology