Relationship between alcohol intake and dietary pattern

Findings from NHENES III

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: To examine the association between macronutrient dietary patterns and alcohol consumption using the Third National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey III. METHODS: A total of 9877 subjects (5144 males) constituted the study cohort. Dietary interviews were conducted with all examinees by a trained dietary interviewer in a mobile examination center (MEC). Subjects reported all foods and beverages consumed except plain drinking water for the previous 24-h time period. Physical examination and history of alcohol consumption were obtained. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the association of the levels of alcohol consumption and the percentage of energy derived from macronutrients. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed accounting for the study sampling weight to further explore the relationships between alcohol consumption and calories derived from each macronutrient. RESULTS: Subjects who drank were younger than nondrinker controls in both genders (P < 0.01). Alcohol intake was inversely associated with body mass index and body weight in women. Of all macronutrients, carbohydrate intake was the first to decrease with increasing alcohol consumption. In the multivariate analyses, the level of alcohol consumption was found to be an independent predictor associated with lower intake of other macronutrients. CONCLUSION: Our results show that there is an alteration in the daily dietary pattern with increasing alcohol consumption and that energy derived from alcoholic beverages substitutes that from other macronutrients such as carbohydrate, protein, and fat

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4055-4060
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume16
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2010

Fingerprint

Alcohol Drinking
Alcohols
Multivariate Analysis
Carbohydrates
Interviews
Food and Beverages
Alcoholic Beverages
Sampling Studies
Nutrition Surveys
Drinking Water
Physical Examination
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Fats
Body Weight
Regression Analysis
Weights and Measures
Health
Proteins

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Macronutrients
  • National health and nutritional examination survey III

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Relationship between alcohol intake and dietary pattern : Findings from NHENES III. / Liangpunsakul, Suthat.

In: World Journal of Gastroenterology, Vol. 16, No. 32, 28.08.2010, p. 4055-4060.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b6ba5a2c373c4d5bb65d231e683c9a10,
title = "Relationship between alcohol intake and dietary pattern: Findings from NHENES III",
abstract = "AIM: To examine the association between macronutrient dietary patterns and alcohol consumption using the Third National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey III. METHODS: A total of 9877 subjects (5144 males) constituted the study cohort. Dietary interviews were conducted with all examinees by a trained dietary interviewer in a mobile examination center (MEC). Subjects reported all foods and beverages consumed except plain drinking water for the previous 24-h time period. Physical examination and history of alcohol consumption were obtained. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the association of the levels of alcohol consumption and the percentage of energy derived from macronutrients. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed accounting for the study sampling weight to further explore the relationships between alcohol consumption and calories derived from each macronutrient. RESULTS: Subjects who drank were younger than nondrinker controls in both genders (P < 0.01). Alcohol intake was inversely associated with body mass index and body weight in women. Of all macronutrients, carbohydrate intake was the first to decrease with increasing alcohol consumption. In the multivariate analyses, the level of alcohol consumption was found to be an independent predictor associated with lower intake of other macronutrients. CONCLUSION: Our results show that there is an alteration in the daily dietary pattern with increasing alcohol consumption and that energy derived from alcoholic beverages substitutes that from other macronutrients such as carbohydrate, protein, and fat",
keywords = "Alcohol, Macronutrients, National health and nutritional examination survey III",
author = "Suthat Liangpunsakul",
year = "2010",
month = "8",
day = "28",
doi = "10.3748/wjg.v16.i32.4055",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "4055--4060",
journal = "World Journal of Gastroenterology",
issn = "1007-9327",
publisher = "WJG Press",
number = "32",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between alcohol intake and dietary pattern

T2 - Findings from NHENES III

AU - Liangpunsakul, Suthat

PY - 2010/8/28

Y1 - 2010/8/28

N2 - AIM: To examine the association between macronutrient dietary patterns and alcohol consumption using the Third National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey III. METHODS: A total of 9877 subjects (5144 males) constituted the study cohort. Dietary interviews were conducted with all examinees by a trained dietary interviewer in a mobile examination center (MEC). Subjects reported all foods and beverages consumed except plain drinking water for the previous 24-h time period. Physical examination and history of alcohol consumption were obtained. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the association of the levels of alcohol consumption and the percentage of energy derived from macronutrients. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed accounting for the study sampling weight to further explore the relationships between alcohol consumption and calories derived from each macronutrient. RESULTS: Subjects who drank were younger than nondrinker controls in both genders (P < 0.01). Alcohol intake was inversely associated with body mass index and body weight in women. Of all macronutrients, carbohydrate intake was the first to decrease with increasing alcohol consumption. In the multivariate analyses, the level of alcohol consumption was found to be an independent predictor associated with lower intake of other macronutrients. CONCLUSION: Our results show that there is an alteration in the daily dietary pattern with increasing alcohol consumption and that energy derived from alcoholic beverages substitutes that from other macronutrients such as carbohydrate, protein, and fat

AB - AIM: To examine the association between macronutrient dietary patterns and alcohol consumption using the Third National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey III. METHODS: A total of 9877 subjects (5144 males) constituted the study cohort. Dietary interviews were conducted with all examinees by a trained dietary interviewer in a mobile examination center (MEC). Subjects reported all foods and beverages consumed except plain drinking water for the previous 24-h time period. Physical examination and history of alcohol consumption were obtained. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the association of the levels of alcohol consumption and the percentage of energy derived from macronutrients. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed accounting for the study sampling weight to further explore the relationships between alcohol consumption and calories derived from each macronutrient. RESULTS: Subjects who drank were younger than nondrinker controls in both genders (P < 0.01). Alcohol intake was inversely associated with body mass index and body weight in women. Of all macronutrients, carbohydrate intake was the first to decrease with increasing alcohol consumption. In the multivariate analyses, the level of alcohol consumption was found to be an independent predictor associated with lower intake of other macronutrients. CONCLUSION: Our results show that there is an alteration in the daily dietary pattern with increasing alcohol consumption and that energy derived from alcoholic beverages substitutes that from other macronutrients such as carbohydrate, protein, and fat

KW - Alcohol

KW - Macronutrients

KW - National health and nutritional examination survey III

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77956647033&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77956647033&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3748/wjg.v16.i32.4055

DO - 10.3748/wjg.v16.i32.4055

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 4055

EP - 4060

JO - World Journal of Gastroenterology

JF - World Journal of Gastroenterology

SN - 1007-9327

IS - 32

ER -