Relationship of AIDS-related attitudes to sexual behavior changes in adolescents

Gregory Zimet, Debra L. Bunch, Trina M. Anglin, Rina Lazebnik, Paul Williams, Daniel P. Krowchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic on a group of adolescents was investigated by surveying 197 sexually active, predominantly African-American, urban high school students. Reported sexual behavior changes were evaluated in relation to AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes. Over 50% of the students decreased their frequency of sexual activity, increased their condom use, and/or decreased their number of partners. These students had significantly higher scores on a measure of worry about vulnerability to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection than those whose behavior had not changed. AIDS knowledge, AIDS beliefs, and AIDS-related anxiety interacted with gender to effect sexual behavior change. Male students reporting decreased frequency of sexual activity, for example, had more accurate beliefs about AIDS than males reporting no decrease. Among female students, however, those reporting decreased frequency had less accurate beliefs than those reporting no decrease. These results highlight the importance of considering gender and specific sexual behaviors when designing AIDS education interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-498
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sexual Behavior
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Students
Condoms
Virus Diseases
African Americans
Anxiety
HIV
Education

Keywords

  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome HIV infections Knowledge
  • attitudes
  • practice Adolescent behavior Sex behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Relationship of AIDS-related attitudes to sexual behavior changes in adolescents. / Zimet, Gregory; Bunch, Debra L.; Anglin, Trina M.; Lazebnik, Rina; Williams, Paul; Krowchuk, Daniel P.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 13, No. 6, 1992, p. 493-498.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zimet, Gregory ; Bunch, Debra L. ; Anglin, Trina M. ; Lazebnik, Rina ; Williams, Paul ; Krowchuk, Daniel P. / Relationship of AIDS-related attitudes to sexual behavior changes in adolescents. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 1992 ; Vol. 13, No. 6. pp. 493-498.
@article{96677f2994c04889ba2582c54cc22189,
title = "Relationship of AIDS-related attitudes to sexual behavior changes in adolescents",
abstract = "The impact of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic on a group of adolescents was investigated by surveying 197 sexually active, predominantly African-American, urban high school students. Reported sexual behavior changes were evaluated in relation to AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes. Over 50{\%} of the students decreased their frequency of sexual activity, increased their condom use, and/or decreased their number of partners. These students had significantly higher scores on a measure of worry about vulnerability to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection than those whose behavior had not changed. AIDS knowledge, AIDS beliefs, and AIDS-related anxiety interacted with gender to effect sexual behavior change. Male students reporting decreased frequency of sexual activity, for example, had more accurate beliefs about AIDS than males reporting no decrease. Among female students, however, those reporting decreased frequency had less accurate beliefs than those reporting no decrease. These results highlight the importance of considering gender and specific sexual behaviors when designing AIDS education interventions.",
keywords = "Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome HIV infections Knowledge, attitudes, practice Adolescent behavior Sex behavior",
author = "Gregory Zimet and Bunch, {Debra L.} and Anglin, {Trina M.} and Rina Lazebnik and Paul Williams and Krowchuk, {Daniel P.}",
year = "1992",
doi = "10.1016/1054-139X(92)90013-2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "493--498",
journal = "Journal of Adolescent Health",
issn = "1054-139X",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship of AIDS-related attitudes to sexual behavior changes in adolescents

AU - Zimet, Gregory

AU - Bunch, Debra L.

AU - Anglin, Trina M.

AU - Lazebnik, Rina

AU - Williams, Paul

AU - Krowchuk, Daniel P.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - The impact of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic on a group of adolescents was investigated by surveying 197 sexually active, predominantly African-American, urban high school students. Reported sexual behavior changes were evaluated in relation to AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes. Over 50% of the students decreased their frequency of sexual activity, increased their condom use, and/or decreased their number of partners. These students had significantly higher scores on a measure of worry about vulnerability to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection than those whose behavior had not changed. AIDS knowledge, AIDS beliefs, and AIDS-related anxiety interacted with gender to effect sexual behavior change. Male students reporting decreased frequency of sexual activity, for example, had more accurate beliefs about AIDS than males reporting no decrease. Among female students, however, those reporting decreased frequency had less accurate beliefs than those reporting no decrease. These results highlight the importance of considering gender and specific sexual behaviors when designing AIDS education interventions.

AB - The impact of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic on a group of adolescents was investigated by surveying 197 sexually active, predominantly African-American, urban high school students. Reported sexual behavior changes were evaluated in relation to AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes. Over 50% of the students decreased their frequency of sexual activity, increased their condom use, and/or decreased their number of partners. These students had significantly higher scores on a measure of worry about vulnerability to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection than those whose behavior had not changed. AIDS knowledge, AIDS beliefs, and AIDS-related anxiety interacted with gender to effect sexual behavior change. Male students reporting decreased frequency of sexual activity, for example, had more accurate beliefs about AIDS than males reporting no decrease. Among female students, however, those reporting decreased frequency had less accurate beliefs than those reporting no decrease. These results highlight the importance of considering gender and specific sexual behaviors when designing AIDS education interventions.

KW - Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome HIV infections Knowledge

KW - attitudes

KW - practice Adolescent behavior Sex behavior

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026737482&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026737482&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/1054-139X(92)90013-2

DO - 10.1016/1054-139X(92)90013-2

M3 - Article

C2 - 1390816

AN - SCOPUS:0026737482

VL - 13

SP - 493

EP - 498

JO - Journal of Adolescent Health

JF - Journal of Adolescent Health

SN - 1054-139X

IS - 6

ER -