Relationship of cerebral blood flow and central visual function in primary open-angle glaucoma

Alon Harris, Brent Siesky, Drora Zarfati, Charles L. Haine, Yara Catoira-Boyle, Daniel T. Sines, Lynne McCranor, Hanna J. Garzozi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the relations between middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood flow velocities and central visual function measured by foveal cone electroretinograms (ERG) and visual field. METHODS: Fifteen primary open-angle glaucoma patients were recruited. The eye with the more severe visual field defect (full threshold 24-2) and/or optic disc damage was chosen. Measurements included brachial arterial pressure, heart rate, visual acuity (logMAR), contrast sensitivity (CSV-1000), central visual field (Humphrey SITA 10-2), foveal cone ERG, and transcranial Doppler. Pearson correlation coefficients were estimated to assess the strength of the linear relationship between the MCA flow velocity and the other measured parameters. RESULTS: Visual field was successfully completed in 12 eyes. We were unable to obtain ERG responses and MCA velocity readings for 1 patient. A significant correlation was observed between MCA mean flow velocity and focal cone ERG amplitude [r=0.69, n=13, confidence interval (CI) 0.22, 0.90, P=0.009], but correlation between mean foveal cone ERG implicit time and middle cerebral was not statistically significant (r=0.011, n=13, CI 0.47, 0.63). A significant correlation was also observed between MCA mean flow velocity and mean sensitivity (r=0.76, n=12, CI 0.32, 0.93, P=0.005), and mean defect (r=0.73, n=12, CI 0.28, 0.92, P=0.007) of the central visual field, logMAR visual acuity (r=0.57, n=14, CI 0.05, 0.84, P=0.036), and contrast sensitivity (r=0.61, n=13, CI 0.09, 0.87, P=0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that in certain primary open-angle glaucoma patients diminished central visual function may be one manifestation of widespread cerebrovascular insufficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-163
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

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Cerebrovascular Circulation
Middle Cerebral Artery
Visual Fields
Confidence Intervals
Contrast Sensitivity
Visual Acuity
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Blood Flow Velocity
Optic Disk
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
Reading
Arterial Pressure
Arm
Heart Rate

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Primary open-angle glaucoma
  • Visual function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Relationship of cerebral blood flow and central visual function in primary open-angle glaucoma. / Harris, Alon; Siesky, Brent; Zarfati, Drora; Haine, Charles L.; Catoira-Boyle, Yara; Sines, Daniel T.; McCranor, Lynne; Garzozi, Hanna J.

In: Journal of Glaucoma, Vol. 16, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 159-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harris, Alon ; Siesky, Brent ; Zarfati, Drora ; Haine, Charles L. ; Catoira-Boyle, Yara ; Sines, Daniel T. ; McCranor, Lynne ; Garzozi, Hanna J. / Relationship of cerebral blood flow and central visual function in primary open-angle glaucoma. In: Journal of Glaucoma. 2007 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 159-163.
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AU - Catoira-Boyle, Yara

AU - Sines, Daniel T.

AU - McCranor, Lynne

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N2 - PURPOSE: To investigate the relations between middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood flow velocities and central visual function measured by foveal cone electroretinograms (ERG) and visual field. METHODS: Fifteen primary open-angle glaucoma patients were recruited. The eye with the more severe visual field defect (full threshold 24-2) and/or optic disc damage was chosen. Measurements included brachial arterial pressure, heart rate, visual acuity (logMAR), contrast sensitivity (CSV-1000), central visual field (Humphrey SITA 10-2), foveal cone ERG, and transcranial Doppler. Pearson correlation coefficients were estimated to assess the strength of the linear relationship between the MCA flow velocity and the other measured parameters. RESULTS: Visual field was successfully completed in 12 eyes. We were unable to obtain ERG responses and MCA velocity readings for 1 patient. A significant correlation was observed between MCA mean flow velocity and focal cone ERG amplitude [r=0.69, n=13, confidence interval (CI) 0.22, 0.90, P=0.009], but correlation between mean foveal cone ERG implicit time and middle cerebral was not statistically significant (r=0.011, n=13, CI 0.47, 0.63). A significant correlation was also observed between MCA mean flow velocity and mean sensitivity (r=0.76, n=12, CI 0.32, 0.93, P=0.005), and mean defect (r=0.73, n=12, CI 0.28, 0.92, P=0.007) of the central visual field, logMAR visual acuity (r=0.57, n=14, CI 0.05, 0.84, P=0.036), and contrast sensitivity (r=0.61, n=13, CI 0.09, 0.87, P=0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that in certain primary open-angle glaucoma patients diminished central visual function may be one manifestation of widespread cerebrovascular insufficiency.

AB - PURPOSE: To investigate the relations between middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood flow velocities and central visual function measured by foveal cone electroretinograms (ERG) and visual field. METHODS: Fifteen primary open-angle glaucoma patients were recruited. The eye with the more severe visual field defect (full threshold 24-2) and/or optic disc damage was chosen. Measurements included brachial arterial pressure, heart rate, visual acuity (logMAR), contrast sensitivity (CSV-1000), central visual field (Humphrey SITA 10-2), foveal cone ERG, and transcranial Doppler. Pearson correlation coefficients were estimated to assess the strength of the linear relationship between the MCA flow velocity and the other measured parameters. RESULTS: Visual field was successfully completed in 12 eyes. We were unable to obtain ERG responses and MCA velocity readings for 1 patient. A significant correlation was observed between MCA mean flow velocity and focal cone ERG amplitude [r=0.69, n=13, confidence interval (CI) 0.22, 0.90, P=0.009], but correlation between mean foveal cone ERG implicit time and middle cerebral was not statistically significant (r=0.011, n=13, CI 0.47, 0.63). A significant correlation was also observed between MCA mean flow velocity and mean sensitivity (r=0.76, n=12, CI 0.32, 0.93, P=0.005), and mean defect (r=0.73, n=12, CI 0.28, 0.92, P=0.007) of the central visual field, logMAR visual acuity (r=0.57, n=14, CI 0.05, 0.84, P=0.036), and contrast sensitivity (r=0.61, n=13, CI 0.09, 0.87, P=0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that in certain primary open-angle glaucoma patients diminished central visual function may be one manifestation of widespread cerebrovascular insufficiency.

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