Vickery CD, Sherer M, Nick TG, Nakase-Richardson R, Corrigan JD, Hammond F, Macciocchi S, Ripley DL, Sander A. Relationships among premorbid alcohol use, acute intoxication, and early functional status after traumatic brain injury. Objective: To investigate the relationships among intoxication at time of injury, preinjury history of problem drinking, and early functional status in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Acute inpatient TBI rehabilitation. Participants: Participants were 1748 persons with TBI. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Blood alcohol levels (BALs) were obtained at admission to the emergency department, and a history of problem drinking was obtained through interview. Study outcomes, Disability Rating Scale (DRS), and FIM instrument scores were gathered at admission to inpatient rehabilitation. Results: Multivariate regression analysis revealed that BAL and a history of binge drinking were predictive of DRS, but not FIM, scores. A higher BAL was associated with poorer functional status on the DRS. Paradoxically, a history of binge drinking was associated with more intact functional status on the DRS. Conclusions: The relationships among intoxication at time of injury, history of problem drinking, and early outcome after TBI were modest. Injury severity had a more significant association with TBI functional status.
- Alcoholic intoxication
- Brain injuries
- Treatment outcome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation