Relationships between childhood sexual abuse and substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence: An integrative review

Claire Burke Draucker, Jill Mazurczyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


Background: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is thought to be a precursor to substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence. To inform adolescent prevention efforts, information is needed to explicate the nature of the relationships between CSA and these health risks. The aim of this study was to summarize the current literature on the associations between a history of CSA and substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search and an integrative review. Results: Current evidence implicates CSA as a robust precursor to the use of a wide variety of substances and multiple sexual risk behaviors during adolescence. Conclusion: Screening for CSA in adolescents at risk and incorporating strategies that enhance CSA recovery in adolescent prevention programs are warranted. Future research that includes longitudinal designs, uses multiple methods of assessment, and identifies pathways between CSA and adolescent health risks is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-310
Number of pages20
JournalNursing Outlook
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013



  • Adolescents
  • Childhood sexual abuse
  • Sexual risk behaviors
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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