Copper-62 labeled pyruvaldehyde bis (N4-methyl-thiosemicarbazonato) copper(II), CuPTSM, has been used to probe tissue perfusion by means of positron emission tomograpby. Despite promising results from animals, problems have been encountered in the use of 62CuPTSM to quantitate regional myocardial blood flow in humans. Ultrafiltration and plasma/erythrocyte partitioning studies with radiotracer have previously shown that CuPTSM is bound much more strongly by human serum albumin (HSA) than by dog serum albumin (DSA), limiting its ability to freely diffuse from blood into tissue. In this study, it is confirmed by electron spin resonance (ESR) that CuPTSM strongly binds to HSA with an apparent g(is parallel with) value of 2.12 and an apparent A(is parallel with) value of 186 G. It is also shown that both spin-labeled stearic acid (5-SASL) and nonspin-labeled stearate inhibit CuPTSM binding to HSA. CuPTSM is completely released from HSA when the ratio of 5-SASL to HSA is 5:1. When pure sodium stearate is used, the binding of CuPTSM significantly decreased, about 73% of CuPTSM is released with a ratio of 4:1 stearate to HSA. These results highlight a means of liberating CuPTSM from HSA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Inorganic Chemistry