Religiosity and spirituality as resiliency resources: Moderation, mediation, or moderated mediation?

Kirby K. Reutter, Silvia Bigatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A growing body of literature indicates a modestly positive association between religiosity and spirituality as predictors of psychological health (anxiety and depression), suggesting they serve as personal resiliency factors. The purpose of this study was to expand our understanding of the relationships among these constructs. Using Lazarus's Transactional Model of Stress as a theoretical framework, we examined: (a) the extent to which spirituality and religiosity mediated and/or moderated the association between perceived stress and psychological health and (b) whether there was a moderated (religiosity) mediation (spirituality) between stress and health. The Perceived Stress Scale, Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale, Religious Commitment Inventory, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were administered to measure the following constructs: stress, spirituality, religiosity, and psychological health. This study utilized a nonexperimental, quantitative, correlational, cross-sectional, moderated-mediation design, and included a convenience sample of 331 research participants. Both spirituality and religiosity moderated stress and health. However, only spirituality partially mediated the relationship. In addition, religiosity did not moderate the mediating effects of spirituality. Overall, this study confirmed the role of both religiosity and spirituality as effective resiliency resources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-72
Number of pages17
JournalJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Fingerprint

Spirituality
Religiosity
Resources
Mediation
Moderation
Psychological Health
Health
Anxiety
Religious Commitment
Theoretical Framework
Spiritual Experiences
Predictors

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Mediated moderation
  • Religiosity
  • Resiliency
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies

Cite this

Religiosity and spirituality as resiliency resources : Moderation, mediation, or moderated mediation? / Reutter, Kirby K.; Bigatti, Silvia.

In: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 53, No. 1, 03.2014, p. 56-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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