Background: Coronary artery remodeling is a structural change in the vessel wall and typically in response to atherosclerotic plaque. The nature of coronary remodeling has been described in different clinical situations. However, remodeling characteristics of coronary arteries of diabetic patients have never been studied. Hypothesis: We tested the hypothesis that positive remodeling of coronary artery in response to atherosclerotic plaque in diabetic patients would be less compared to nondiabetic patients. Methods: Coronary intravascular ultrasound analysis of data in 26 consecutive patients (12 diabetic and 14 nondiabetic) was performed. Linear regression analyses of vessel area versus plaque area were carried out to establish a relation between the degree of plaque and the extent of remodeling in diabetic and nondiabetic groups. Results: The positive remodeling quantified as the slope of the regression line was similar in both the groups (diabetic group 1.32 and nondiabetic group 0.80) when all segments with different plaque areas were considered (P > 0.05). However, the diabetic group had greater positive remodeling in segments with plaque area less than 55%, as the slope for diabetic group was 2.01 and nondiabetic group was 1.40 (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Both the diabetic and nondiabetic patients had positive remodeling in response to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Diabetics had greater positive remodeling in the early stages of atherosclerosis compared to nondiabetics, thus providing evidence against our hypothesis. The adverse clinical outcomes in diabetics may not be due to inadequate positive remodeling of coronary arteries as previously thought.
- Coronary artery
- Diabetes mellitus
- Intravascular ultrasound
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine