OBJECTIVE To present our findings of simultaneous bilateral percutaneous nephrolithotomy (sbPCNL) on bilateral renal haemodynamic and excretory function in an in vivo pig model, as despite sbPCNL being a treatment strategy for patients with bilateral renal stones, the functional response of both kidneys to such a procedure is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS Nine anaesthetized female pigs (≈70 kg) had a single-tract PCNL procedure in the left kidney and then the right kidney in one session (sbPCNL). Percutaneous access was achieved by a 30 F balloon dilator system. Bilateral renal function was measured before, 1.5 and 4.5 h after sbPCNL and included glomerular filtration rate (GFR), effective renal plasma flow (RPF), renal extraction of para-aminohippurate (EPAH, a measure of the efficiency of tubular organic anion transport), urine flow (UV), absolute sodium excretion (UNaV) and fractional sodium excretion (FENa). RESULTS Both kidneys had similar baseline haemodynamic and excretory function, and showed comparable changes after sbPCNL. Bilateral GFR and RPF decreased by ≈35% at 1.5 and 4.5 h after sbPCNL; EPAH was reduced to a similar degree in both kidneys at 1.5 h after sbPCNL and remained depressed throughout the observation period; bilateral UV and UNaV progressively decreased by ≈30% and ≈60% at 1.5 and 4.5 h after sbPCNL, respectively; bilateral FENa did not significantly change at 1.5 h after sbPCNL but decreased significantly by ≈50% at 4.5 h. CONCLUSIONS Both kidneys responded in a similar fashion after sbPCNL, with declines in haemodynamic and excretory function. These bilateral functional responses were comparable to those previously reported after unilateral PCNL, and help to reduce concerns that PCNL of both kidneys in one session could lead to greater functional complications, at least acutely.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy
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