Renal injury: Similarities and differences in male and female rats with the metabolic syndrome

J. H. Dominguez, P. Wu, J. W. Hawes, M. Deeg, J. Walsh, S. C. Packer, M. Nagase, C. Temm, E. Goss, R. Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The metabolic syndrome is complicated by nephropathy in humans and rats, and males are more affected than females. We hypothesized that female rats had reduced expression of glomerular oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) receptor 1 (LOX-1), attendant glomerular oxidant injury, and renal inflammation. Three groups, obese males (OM), obese females (OF), and lean males (LM) of first-generation (F1) hybrid rats derived from the Zucker fatty diabetic (ZDF) strain and the spontaneous hypertensive heart failure rat (SHHF/Gmi-fa) were studied from 6 to 41 weeks of age. OM had severe renal oxidant injury and renal failure. Their glomeruli expressed the LOX-1, and exhibited heavier accumulation of the lipid peroxide 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). OM had compromised mitochondrial enzyme function, more renal fibrosis, and vascular leakage. Younger LM, OM, and OF ZS (ZDF/SHHF F1 hybrid rat) rats, studied from 6 to 16 weeks of age, showed that unutilized renal lipids were comparable in OM and OF, although young OM had worse nephropathy and inflammation. In conclusion, glomerular LOX-1 expression is coupled to deposits of 4-HNE and glomerulosclerosis in OM. We presume that LOX-1 enhances glomerular uptake of oxidized lipids and renal inflammation, causing greater oxidant stress and severe glomerulosclerosis. In OF, renal protection from lipid oxidants appears to be conferred by blunted glomerular LOX-1 expression and renal inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1969-1976
Number of pages8
JournalKidney international
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 2006


  • Diabetic nephropathies
  • Lipid peroxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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