Repetitive endocardial focal discharges during ventricular fibrillation with prolonged global ischemia in isolated rabbit hearts

Tsu Juey Wu, Shien Fong Lin, Yu Cheng Hsieh, Yung Tsung Chiu, Chih Tai Ting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Background: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) during prolonged (>5 min) global ischemia (GI) could be due to repetitive endocardial focal discharges (REFDs). This hypothesis was tested in isolated rabbit hearts. Methods and Results: With optical mapping, simultaneous endocardial (left ventricle, LV) and epicardial (both ventricles) activations during VF with prolonged GI were studied (protocol I, 8 hearts). Lugol solution was applied to the LV endocardium in additional 5 hearts after 5-min GI (protocol II). During prolonged GI, sustained VF (>30 s) was successfully induced in 7 protocol I hearts. The dominant frequency of summed optical signals at the LV endocardium was higher than at the epicardium (P<0.05). Mapping data showed that after 5-min GI, REFDs were present in >90% for recording time. There were 18 windows of optical recording showing spontaneous VF termination. In 10, once REFDs ceased, the VF episode terminated immediately. Electrical defibrillation was also performed on 3 hearts. Eight shocks showed early VF recurrence after successful defibrillation. REFDs were consistently involved in the initiation period of recurrence. In protocol II, Lugol subendocardial ablation diminished REFD genesis during re-induced VF. These VF episodes were all non-sustained. Conclusions: REFDs at the LV endocardium were important for both VF maintenance and post-shock recurrence during prolonged GI in this model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1803-1811
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation Journal
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009



  • Endocardium
  • Fibrillation
  • Ischemia
  • Mapping
  • Ventricles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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