Requirement of TGF β signaling for SMO-mediated carcinogenesis

Qipeng Fan, Miao He, Tao Sheng, Xiaoli Zhang, Mala Sinha, Bruce Luxon, Xingbo Zhao, Jingwu Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Hedgehog (Hh) signaling, via the key signal transducer Smoothened (SMO) and Gli transcription factors, is essential for embryonic development and carcinogenesis. At present, the molecular mechanism of Hh signaling-mediated carcinogenesis is not completely understood. Using a mouse model (K14cre/R26SmoM2) of SMO-mediated basal cell carcinoma development, we identified TGFβ2 as a major Hh-regulated gene. TGFβ2 expression was high in the keratinocytes, with activated TGFβ signaling (indicated by elevated expression of phosphorylated SMAD2/3) detected in both tumor and stroma. The significance of TGFβ signaling for SMO function was demonstrated in two assays. Down-regulation of TGFβ2 expression prevented Hh signaling-dependent osteoblast differentiation and motor neuron differentiation. Furthermore, inhibition of TGFβ signaling by TGFβ receptor I inhibitor SD208 significantly reduced tumor area in K14cre/R26SmoM2 mice. Tumor shrinkage in mice was associated with an increased number of lymphocytes, suggesting an immune suppression role of TGFβ signaling. The relevance of our results to human cancer is reflected by the fact that human basal cell carcinomas, which almost always harbor activated Hh signaling, have activated TGFβ signaling, as indicated by high levels of phosphorylated SMAD2 and SMAD3 in tumor and stroma. Together, our data indicate that TGFβ signaling is critical for Hh signaling-mediated carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36570-36576
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume285
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 19 2010

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Hedgehogs
Carcinogenesis
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Neoplasms
Tumors
Lymphocyte Count
Motor Neurons
Transducers
Osteoblasts
Keratinocytes
Embryonic Development
Cells
Transcription Factors
Down-Regulation
Lymphocytes
Ports and harbors
Neurons
Assays
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Requirement of TGF β signaling for SMO-mediated carcinogenesis. / Fan, Qipeng; He, Miao; Sheng, Tao; Zhang, Xiaoli; Sinha, Mala; Luxon, Bruce; Zhao, Xingbo; Xie, Jingwu.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 285, No. 47, 19.11.2010, p. 36570-36576.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fan, Q, He, M, Sheng, T, Zhang, X, Sinha, M, Luxon, B, Zhao, X & Xie, J 2010, 'Requirement of TGF β signaling for SMO-mediated carcinogenesis', Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 285, no. 47, pp. 36570-36576. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.C110.164442
Fan Q, He M, Sheng T, Zhang X, Sinha M, Luxon B et al. Requirement of TGF β signaling for SMO-mediated carcinogenesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2010 Nov 19;285(47):36570-36576. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.C110.164442
Fan, Qipeng ; He, Miao ; Sheng, Tao ; Zhang, Xiaoli ; Sinha, Mala ; Luxon, Bruce ; Zhao, Xingbo ; Xie, Jingwu. / Requirement of TGF β signaling for SMO-mediated carcinogenesis. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2010 ; Vol. 285, No. 47. pp. 36570-36576.
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