Rescue Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)-guided trucut biopsy following suboptimal EUS-guided fine needle aspiration for mediastinal lesions

Chang Min Cho, Mohammad Al-Haddad, Julia K. LeBlanc, Stuart Sherman, Lee McHenry, John DeWitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


Background/Aims: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and Trucut biopsy (TCB) are sensitive techniques for diagnosing mediastinal lesions, but it is unclear how either one or both should be used to obtain a pathologic diagnosis. The objective of our study was to evaluate whether EUS-TCB impacts the diagnosis of mediastinal lesions after the initial on-site review of EUS-FNA specimen suggests a suboptimal result. Methods: We enrolled consecutive patients with mediastinal lesions who underwent EUS-TCB during the same procedure if the initial EUS-FNA demonstrated an inadequate FNA sample or suggested that histopathology was required for diagnosis. Diagnostic accuracies between procedures were compared as the main outcome. Results: Twenty-seven patients (14 men; median age, 56 years; range, 19 to 82 years) underwent EUS-FNA and EUS-TCB to evaluate a mediastinal lymphadenopathy or mass (n=17), to determine the cancer stage (n=3) or to exclude tumor recurrence or metastasis (n=7). The overall diagnostic accuracies of EUS-FNA and EUS-TCB were 78% and 67%, respectively (p=0.375). The combined diagnostic accuracy of EUS-FNA plus EUS-TCB was 82%. In six patients with nondiagnostic EUS-FNA, EUS-TCB provided a final diagnosis in one patient (17%). Conclusions: In the current series of patients with mediastinal masses or adenopathy, the administration of EUS-TCB following suboptimal results for the on-site cytology review did not increase the diagnostic yield.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-156
Number of pages7
JournalGut and Liver
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration
  • Endoscopic ultrasound-guided Trucut biopsy
  • Mediastinum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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