Resection of the inferior vena cava or intraluminal vena caval tumor thrombectomy during retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for metastatic germ cell cancer: Indications and results

J. P. Donohue, J. A. Thornhill, R. S. Foster, R. G. Rowland, R. Bihrle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

A total of 42 patients underwent inferior vena caval resection (40) or intraluminal tumor thrombectomy (2) during retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for bulky abdominal metastatic nonseminomatous germ cell cancer (7% of all post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection cases). The 3 indications for vena caval resection included tumor clearance (38%), vena caval scar occlusion (14%) and vena caval tumor thrombus (48%). En bloc vena caval resection to achieve tumor clearance was justified by subsequent nodal pathology (cancer in 63% of the specimens and teratoma in 31%). Vena caval resection in the presence of scar occlusion was de facto required by virtue of its incorporation in the specimen. Vena caval resection or thrombectomy is indicated for intraluminal tumor thrombus because thrombus pathology (cancer 35%, teratoma 45% and fibrosis 20%) reflected nodal pathology in 71% of the patients with cancer, 78% with teratoma and 100% with fibrosis. The complications of vena caval resection were generally transitory. The 71% survival rate justifies this intensive surgical approach because these patients had exhausted all chemotherapy options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-349
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume146
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Keywords

  • Carcinoma
  • Lymph node excision
  • Testis
  • Thrombosis
  • Vena cava, inferior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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