Fifty-one patients with primary testicular (N = 46) or mediastinal germ cell cancer (N = 5) were treated from April, 1975, through May, 1981, and had teratoma resected from residual disease after cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy. All patients had normal serum markers before resection of pulmonary (N = 12), mediastinal (N = 5), thoracoabdominal (N = 8), supraclavicular (N = 1) or abdominal disease (N = 25). Teratoma was classified as mature teratoma (N = 29), immature teratoma (N = 15), or immature teratoma with non-germ cell elements (N = 7). Thirty of 51 (60%) patients remain free of recurrent disease, whereas 20 patients have either recurrent carcinoma (N = 10) or teratoma (N = 10). One patient has a presumed second malignancy. After additional chemotherapy, four patients with recurrent carcinoma are alive and disease free and six have died. After an additional operation, eight of 10 patients with recurrent teratoma are long-term survivors. In four patients the initial relapse of carcinoma developed more than 2 years after therapy; in an additional patients carcinoma recurrent after a 32 month disease-free survival period. Univariate factors predicting for relapse include tumor burden, immature teratoma with non-term cell elements, and site (mediastinum), whereas only immature teratoma with non-germ cell elements and site predicted for survival. Immature teratoma and mature teratoma had similar relapse-free intervals and overall survival intervals. According to a multivariate analysis, primary tumor site at the mediastinum is the most significant adverse factor predictive for both relapse and survival (two of five patients survived). This study appears to support the various preclinical models that demonstrate multipotential capabilities of teratoma. Complete surgical excision of teratoma remains the most effective treatment with continued close follow-up recommended for high-risk patients (immature teratoma with non-germ cell elements, large tumor burden, or primary mediastinal tumors).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine