Residential proximity to major roadways is not associated with cardiac function in African Americans: Results from the Jackson heart study

Anne M. Weaver, Gregory A. Wellenius, Wen Chih Wu, De Marc A Hickson, Masoor Kamalesh, ​Yi  ​Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart failure, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly among African Americans. Exposure to ambient air pollution, such as that produced by vehicular traffic, is believed to be associated with heart failure, possibly by impairing cardiac function. We evaluated the cross-sectional association between residential proximity to major roads, a marker of long-term exposure to traffic-related pollution, and echocardiographic indicators of left and pulmonary vascular function in African Americans enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study (JHS): left ventricular ejection fraction, E-wave velocity, isovolumic relaxation time, left atrial diameter index, and pulmonary artery systolic pressure. We examined these associations using multivariable linear or logistic regression, adjusting for potential confounders. Of 4866 participants at study enrollment, 106 lived

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number581
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 13 2016

Fingerprint

African Americans
Heart Failure
Air Pollution
Stroke Volume
Pulmonary Artery
Blood Vessels
Linear Models
Cardiovascular Diseases
Logistic Models
Blood Pressure
Morbidity
Lung
Mortality

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Ambient air pollution
  • Cardiac function
  • Distance to road
  • E-wave velocity
  • Ejection fraction
  • Isovolumic relaxation time
  • Left atrial diameter index
  • Pulmonary artery systolic pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Residential proximity to major roadways is not associated with cardiac function in African Americans : Results from the Jackson heart study. / Weaver, Anne M.; Wellenius, Gregory A.; Wu, Wen Chih; Hickson, De Marc A; Kamalesh, Masoor; ​Wang, ​Yi .

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 13, No. 6, 581, 13.06.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{06bcddff247c4b8495b0626db7ba0de8,
title = "Residential proximity to major roadways is not associated with cardiac function in African Americans: Results from the Jackson heart study",
abstract = "Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart failure, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly among African Americans. Exposure to ambient air pollution, such as that produced by vehicular traffic, is believed to be associated with heart failure, possibly by impairing cardiac function. We evaluated the cross-sectional association between residential proximity to major roads, a marker of long-term exposure to traffic-related pollution, and echocardiographic indicators of left and pulmonary vascular function in African Americans enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study (JHS): left ventricular ejection fraction, E-wave velocity, isovolumic relaxation time, left atrial diameter index, and pulmonary artery systolic pressure. We examined these associations using multivariable linear or logistic regression, adjusting for potential confounders. Of 4866 participants at study enrollment, 106 lived",
keywords = "African Americans, Ambient air pollution, Cardiac function, Distance to road, E-wave velocity, Ejection fraction, Isovolumic relaxation time, Left atrial diameter index, Pulmonary artery systolic pressure",
author = "Weaver, {Anne M.} and Wellenius, {Gregory A.} and Wu, {Wen Chih} and Hickson, {De Marc A} and Masoor Kamalesh and ​Yi  ​Wang",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
day = "13",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph13060581",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Residential proximity to major roadways is not associated with cardiac function in African Americans

T2 - Results from the Jackson heart study

AU - Weaver, Anne M.

AU - Wellenius, Gregory A.

AU - Wu, Wen Chih

AU - Hickson, De Marc A

AU - Kamalesh, Masoor

AU - ​Wang, ​Yi 

PY - 2016/6/13

Y1 - 2016/6/13

N2 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart failure, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly among African Americans. Exposure to ambient air pollution, such as that produced by vehicular traffic, is believed to be associated with heart failure, possibly by impairing cardiac function. We evaluated the cross-sectional association between residential proximity to major roads, a marker of long-term exposure to traffic-related pollution, and echocardiographic indicators of left and pulmonary vascular function in African Americans enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study (JHS): left ventricular ejection fraction, E-wave velocity, isovolumic relaxation time, left atrial diameter index, and pulmonary artery systolic pressure. We examined these associations using multivariable linear or logistic regression, adjusting for potential confounders. Of 4866 participants at study enrollment, 106 lived

AB - Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart failure, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly among African Americans. Exposure to ambient air pollution, such as that produced by vehicular traffic, is believed to be associated with heart failure, possibly by impairing cardiac function. We evaluated the cross-sectional association between residential proximity to major roads, a marker of long-term exposure to traffic-related pollution, and echocardiographic indicators of left and pulmonary vascular function in African Americans enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study (JHS): left ventricular ejection fraction, E-wave velocity, isovolumic relaxation time, left atrial diameter index, and pulmonary artery systolic pressure. We examined these associations using multivariable linear or logistic regression, adjusting for potential confounders. Of 4866 participants at study enrollment, 106 lived

KW - African Americans

KW - Ambient air pollution

KW - Cardiac function

KW - Distance to road

KW - E-wave velocity

KW - Ejection fraction

KW - Isovolumic relaxation time

KW - Left atrial diameter index

KW - Pulmonary artery systolic pressure

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84973931499&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84973931499&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph13060581

DO - 10.3390/ijerph13060581

M3 - Article

C2 - 27304962

AN - SCOPUS:84973931499

VL - 13

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 6

M1 - 581

ER -