• An array of conditions can lead to the inability of the respiratory system to meet the metabolic needs of the tissues. • Unrecognized respiratory failure is the leading cause of cardiorespiratory arrest in pediatrics, making prompt interventions and close monitoring in the critical care setting paramount. • Clinical interventions vary widely from noninvasive methods to intubation and mechanical ventilation and, as an extreme invasive measure, the use of ECMO. • Treating respiratory failure is a dynamic field; new strategies are emerging that will add dimensions to this care.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health