Resveratrol triggers the pro-apoptotic endoplasmic reticulum stress response and represses pro-survival xbp1 signaling in human multiple myeloma cells

Feng Ming Wang, Deborah L. Galson, G. David Roodman, Hongjiao Ouyang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations


Objective: Resveratrol, trans-3, 4', 5,-trihydroxystilbene, suppresses multiple myeloma (MM). The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response component inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α)/X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) axis is essential for MM pathogenesis. We investigated the molecular action of resveratrol on IRE1α/XBP1 axis in human MM cells. Materials and Methods: Human MM cell lines ANBL-6, OPM2, and MM.1S were utilized to determine the molecular signaling events following treatment with resveratrol. The stimulation of IRE1α/XBP1 axis was analyzed by Western blot and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The effect of resveratrol on the transcriptional activity of spliced XBP1 was assessed by luciferase assays. Chromatin immunoprecipitation was performed to determine the effects of resveratrol on the DNA binding activity of XBP1 in MM cells. Results: Resveratrol activated IRE1α as evidenced by XBP1 messenger RNA splicing and phosphorylation of both IRE1α and its downstream kinase c-Jun N-terminal kinase in MM cells. These responses were associated with resveratrol-induced cytotoxicity of MM cells. Resveratrol selectively suppressed the transcriptional activity of XBP1s while it stimulated gene expression of the molecules that are regulated by the non-IRE1/XBP1 axis of the ER stress response. Luciferase assays indicated that resveratrol suppressed the transcriptional activity of XBP1s through sirtuin 1, a downstream molecular target of resveratrol. Chromatin immunoprecipitation studies revealed that resveratrol decreased the DNA binding capacity of XBP1 and increased the enrichment of sirtuin 1 at the XBP1 binding region in the XBP1 promoter. Conclusions: Resveratrol exerts its chemotherapeutic effect on human MM cells through mechanisms involving the impairment of the pro-survival XBP1 signaling and the activation of pro-apoptotic ER stress response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)999-1006
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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