Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Reconstruction With a Polytetrafluoroethylene Monocusp Valve: A 20-Year Experience

Mohineesh Kumar, Mark Turrentine, Mark Rodefeld, Teresa Bell, John Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), pulmonary atresia (PA), and other congenital right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) malformations, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) monocusp outflow tract patches (MOTP) relieve obstruction and provide pulmonary valve competence. The purpose of this study was to determine whether our PTFE-MOTP was an acceptable short- and mid-term remedy for patients with TOF or PA as assessed by freedom from severe pulmonary regurgitation and freedom from reoperation. From 1994-2014, 171 patients (mean age 1.5 ± 1.5 years; median 1.1 years) with TOF or PA underwent initial right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction with a PTFE-MOTP. Patients were studied intraoperatively and serially postoperatively using echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) to determine pulmonary valve dysfunction defined as a peak gradient >40. mm. Hg or valve regurgitation>moderate. The mean follow-up duration was 10.9 ± 5.8 years (range: 1 month-20 years). There were 5 late deaths and 1 early death. There was a significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative peak RVOT gradients (74.0 vs 25.2. mm. Hg). Of the 171 patients, 25 were lost to follow-up, and 42 have required replacement of their monocusp valves 10.1 ± 5.0 years (range: 5 months-19 years) after original monocusp insertion. At 10-year follow-up, severe pulmonary regurgitation was seen in less than 25% of patients, and severe pulmonary stenosis was seen in less than 10% of patients. Since 2007, CMR was used in 44 patients to characterize cardiac function in patients under consideration for PTFE-MOTP replacement. The average right ventricular-to-left ventricular (RV/LV) ratio on CMR was 1.7 ± 0.5 in these patients. CMR also showed that RV ejection fraction (52 ± 9%) and left ventricular ejection fraction (58 ± 7%) were both preserved in most patients. The PTFE-MOTP is an excellent short-term and mid-term option for initial RVOT reconstruction, particularly in children with TOF with nonsalvageable pulmonary valve or PA-ventricular septal defect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Polytetrafluoroethylene
Pulmonary Atresia
Tetralogy of Fallot
Pulmonary Valve
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency
Pulmonary Valve Stenosis
Ventricular Heart Septal Defects
Lost to Follow-Up
Reoperation
Stroke Volume
Mental Competency
Echocardiography

Keywords

  • Gore-tex Monocusp.
  • Left-Systole
  • Right-Diastole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{66104773124946819edb1bfe1bd14df9,
title = "Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Reconstruction With a Polytetrafluoroethylene Monocusp Valve: A 20-Year Experience",
abstract = "In patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), pulmonary atresia (PA), and other congenital right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) malformations, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) monocusp outflow tract patches (MOTP) relieve obstruction and provide pulmonary valve competence. The purpose of this study was to determine whether our PTFE-MOTP was an acceptable short- and mid-term remedy for patients with TOF or PA as assessed by freedom from severe pulmonary regurgitation and freedom from reoperation. From 1994-2014, 171 patients (mean age 1.5 ± 1.5 years; median 1.1 years) with TOF or PA underwent initial right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction with a PTFE-MOTP. Patients were studied intraoperatively and serially postoperatively using echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) to determine pulmonary valve dysfunction defined as a peak gradient >40. mm. Hg or valve regurgitation>moderate. The mean follow-up duration was 10.9 ± 5.8 years (range: 1 month-20 years). There were 5 late deaths and 1 early death. There was a significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative peak RVOT gradients (74.0 vs 25.2. mm. Hg). Of the 171 patients, 25 were lost to follow-up, and 42 have required replacement of their monocusp valves 10.1 ± 5.0 years (range: 5 months-19 years) after original monocusp insertion. At 10-year follow-up, severe pulmonary regurgitation was seen in less than 25{\%} of patients, and severe pulmonary stenosis was seen in less than 10{\%} of patients. Since 2007, CMR was used in 44 patients to characterize cardiac function in patients under consideration for PTFE-MOTP replacement. The average right ventricular-to-left ventricular (RV/LV) ratio on CMR was 1.7 ± 0.5 in these patients. CMR also showed that RV ejection fraction (52 ± 9{\%}) and left ventricular ejection fraction (58 ± 7{\%}) were both preserved in most patients. The PTFE-MOTP is an excellent short-term and mid-term option for initial RVOT reconstruction, particularly in children with TOF with nonsalvageable pulmonary valve or PA-ventricular septal defect.",
keywords = "Gore-tex Monocusp., Left-Systole, Right-Diastole",
author = "Mohineesh Kumar and Mark Turrentine and Mark Rodefeld and Teresa Bell and John Brown",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1053/j.semtcvs.2016.05.003",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery",
issn = "1043-0679",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Reconstruction With a Polytetrafluoroethylene Monocusp Valve

T2 - A 20-Year Experience

AU - Kumar, Mohineesh

AU - Turrentine, Mark

AU - Rodefeld, Mark

AU - Bell, Teresa

AU - Brown, John

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - In patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), pulmonary atresia (PA), and other congenital right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) malformations, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) monocusp outflow tract patches (MOTP) relieve obstruction and provide pulmonary valve competence. The purpose of this study was to determine whether our PTFE-MOTP was an acceptable short- and mid-term remedy for patients with TOF or PA as assessed by freedom from severe pulmonary regurgitation and freedom from reoperation. From 1994-2014, 171 patients (mean age 1.5 ± 1.5 years; median 1.1 years) with TOF or PA underwent initial right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction with a PTFE-MOTP. Patients were studied intraoperatively and serially postoperatively using echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) to determine pulmonary valve dysfunction defined as a peak gradient >40. mm. Hg or valve regurgitation>moderate. The mean follow-up duration was 10.9 ± 5.8 years (range: 1 month-20 years). There were 5 late deaths and 1 early death. There was a significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative peak RVOT gradients (74.0 vs 25.2. mm. Hg). Of the 171 patients, 25 were lost to follow-up, and 42 have required replacement of their monocusp valves 10.1 ± 5.0 years (range: 5 months-19 years) after original monocusp insertion. At 10-year follow-up, severe pulmonary regurgitation was seen in less than 25% of patients, and severe pulmonary stenosis was seen in less than 10% of patients. Since 2007, CMR was used in 44 patients to characterize cardiac function in patients under consideration for PTFE-MOTP replacement. The average right ventricular-to-left ventricular (RV/LV) ratio on CMR was 1.7 ± 0.5 in these patients. CMR also showed that RV ejection fraction (52 ± 9%) and left ventricular ejection fraction (58 ± 7%) were both preserved in most patients. The PTFE-MOTP is an excellent short-term and mid-term option for initial RVOT reconstruction, particularly in children with TOF with nonsalvageable pulmonary valve or PA-ventricular septal defect.

AB - In patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), pulmonary atresia (PA), and other congenital right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) malformations, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) monocusp outflow tract patches (MOTP) relieve obstruction and provide pulmonary valve competence. The purpose of this study was to determine whether our PTFE-MOTP was an acceptable short- and mid-term remedy for patients with TOF or PA as assessed by freedom from severe pulmonary regurgitation and freedom from reoperation. From 1994-2014, 171 patients (mean age 1.5 ± 1.5 years; median 1.1 years) with TOF or PA underwent initial right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction with a PTFE-MOTP. Patients were studied intraoperatively and serially postoperatively using echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) to determine pulmonary valve dysfunction defined as a peak gradient >40. mm. Hg or valve regurgitation>moderate. The mean follow-up duration was 10.9 ± 5.8 years (range: 1 month-20 years). There were 5 late deaths and 1 early death. There was a significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative peak RVOT gradients (74.0 vs 25.2. mm. Hg). Of the 171 patients, 25 were lost to follow-up, and 42 have required replacement of their monocusp valves 10.1 ± 5.0 years (range: 5 months-19 years) after original monocusp insertion. At 10-year follow-up, severe pulmonary regurgitation was seen in less than 25% of patients, and severe pulmonary stenosis was seen in less than 10% of patients. Since 2007, CMR was used in 44 patients to characterize cardiac function in patients under consideration for PTFE-MOTP replacement. The average right ventricular-to-left ventricular (RV/LV) ratio on CMR was 1.7 ± 0.5 in these patients. CMR also showed that RV ejection fraction (52 ± 9%) and left ventricular ejection fraction (58 ± 7%) were both preserved in most patients. The PTFE-MOTP is an excellent short-term and mid-term option for initial RVOT reconstruction, particularly in children with TOF with nonsalvageable pulmonary valve or PA-ventricular septal defect.

KW - Gore-tex Monocusp.

KW - Left-Systole

KW - Right-Diastole

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U2 - 10.1053/j.semtcvs.2016.05.003

DO - 10.1053/j.semtcvs.2016.05.003

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JO - Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

JF - Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

SN - 1043-0679

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